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From Free Speech to Steady State, 1964-1974

Ray Colvig

June 1974

Office of Public Information
University of California
Berkeley, California 94720

Introduction

A rough and far from complete chronology of things that happened at the University of California in Berkeley from 1964 to 1974 along with some other events that made headlines during the same decade.

Chronology

1963

December 1963

Brief retreat ceremony (Dec. 22nd) at campus flagpole marks the end of national period of mourning for the late President John F. Kennedy.

1964

Early 1964

CORE-led picketing at Lucky Supermarket in Berkeley (February) ends with Lucky signing a minority hiring agreement; picketing moves to Sheraton-Palace Hotel in San Francisco; as many as 2,000 demonstrators by March 8th; 767 arrested (including about 100 from UC); picketing ends with hiring agreement signed by Hotel Owners Association; picketing at Cadillac and other "Auto Row" agencies in San Francisco begins March 16th; about 1,000 take part, 100 arrested; trials and jail sentences follow during the summer.

April 1964

U Thant and Adlai Stevenson are main speakers at Charter Day exercises (2nd) in Greek Theater.

Kerr (UC President Clark Kerr) and UC regents receive the Alexander Meiklejohn Award of the American Association of University Professors in recognition of the University's contributions to the cause of academic freedom.

Berkeley faculty receive 19 Guggenheim Fellowships — tied with Yale for most in nation.

Assemblyman Don Mulford, in letter to Governor Brown (22nd), calls on UC regents to discipline students arrested in civil rights demonstrations; says "there can be no room for those who repeatedly defy law and order".

May 1964

5th: Clark Kerr speaks at Charter Day exercises at UC Davis:

"Just as the University cannot and should not follow the student into his family life or his church life or his activities as a citizen off campus, so also the students, individually or collectively, should not and cannot take the name of the University with them as they move into religious or political or other non-University activities; nor should they or can they use University facilities in connection with such affairs. The University has resisted and will continue to resist such efforts by students... The University will remain what it always has been — a University devoted to instruction, research, and public service wherever knowledge can serve society."

22nd: UC regents unanimously endorse Kerr's statements made at Davis Charter Day.


2

Quiet revolution in teaching college physics launched at Berkeley; new "all electronic" teaching laboratory; also being tested at other universities // major show of Hans Hoffman paintings opens; some to be donated to Berkeley // gift of floral clock and 11 scholarships from University of Geneva announced // experiment to test fissionable gas reaction proposed by Berkeley engineers.

Charles Powell, a "dormie," wins ASUC presidency for 1964-65; SLATE loses heavily in election.

***[Robert] McNamara returns from Vietnam; gives LBJ ( US President Lyndon Baines Johnson) a plan for increased economic and military support // US embassy in Moscow reported to have been bugged // Nehru dies (27th) // US planes flying reconnaissance missions over Laos // [Adlai] Stevenson tells UN that US can't stand by while Southeast Asia is overrun by aggression // [Barry] Goldwater wins Texas primary // [George] Wallace gets 30% of vote in Indiana primary.

June 1964

$1/4-million Ford grant launches intern program to train inner city teachers // placement center says more students studying for graduate degrees before entering job market // Ludwig von Schwarenberg, famous fountain dog, meets industrialist who painted his portrait // Chief Justice Earl Warren celebrates 50th anniversary of his graduation at Berkeley by attending commencement exercises; 7,028 receive degrees and certificates // new progress in developing super-strength steel reported by Berkeley metallurgists // new tape system to study earth vibrations developed by UC seismologists // nuclear camera to diagnose bone marrow diseases developed by UC scientists // 300 inner-city children attend Cal Camp sponsored by UC students.

*** Shastri becomes prime minister of India // LBJ says US now stronger than combined might of all nations in history of the world // Goldwater wins California primary // Ambassador Lodge says US withdrawl from SE Asia is utterly unthinkable // first of group of 1,000 civil rights workers arrives in Mississippi to register Negro voters // three civil rights workers reported missing after release from Mississippi jail (22nd) on traffic arrests (bodies found in August).

July 1964

Faculty-sponsored program at Berkeley to help promising but disadvantaged youths prepare for college successfully completes first summer phase // tests by Berkeley engineers show how new "soft" detergents degraded by natural soil processes.

*** LBJ signs Civil Rights Act of 1964; enforces right to vote; sets up Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; bars discrimination in public accommondations // US combat deaths in Vietnam now total 152 // Goldwater nominated in San Francisco; says "extremism in defense of liberty is no vice.. moderation in pursuit of justice is no virtue" // three days of racial violence erupt


3.
in Harlem over police killing of 15-year-old boy // Wallace quits presidential race // LBJ bars Robert Kennedy as Vice-Presidential candidate // US Ranger spacecraft gets close-up photos of moon.

August 1964

Follow-up testing in Berkeley Growth Study to shed new light on physical and mental growth processes // major new advances by Berkeley group demonstrate how life could have evolved on earth // Project CAUSE, training 200 job counsellors for war on poverty, concludes at Berkeley after seven-week session.

*** racial rioting begins in New Jersey; later breaks out in Chicago suburbs and in Philadelphia // North Vietnam PT boats reported (2nd) to have attacked US destroyer Maddox in Gulf of Tonkin; second attack on Maddox and C. Turner Joy reported two days later // congress passes "Gulf of Tonkin Resolution" (7th) giving LBJ power to use armed forces to repel any attacks; only Morse and Gruening in senate are opposed // LBJ tells U Thant that America's purpose is to prevent war and prevent others from provoking war // bodies of three slain civil rights workers found by FBI in Mississippi // Turkey and Cyprus accept UN [United Nations] call for ceasefire // LBJ nominated in Atlantic City (26th); picks Humphrey for Vice President // Goldwater repudiates extremist groups; says he'll support UN, social security, and Civil Rights Act.

September 1964

800 new students (out of total of 4,100) arrive for "Cal Prep" orientations // Berkeley engineers report plan to curb forest fires // fall enrollment at Berkeley expected to reach ceiling of 27,500 // Professor Cheit reports that American businessmen are increasingly "preaching the gospel of social responsibility" // President Kerr and Chancellor Strong greet more than 4,000 at annual reception (29th) for new students // school of public health begins major maternal and child health project with $ 1/4-million grant // mathematics boom continues at Berkeley; 6,000 students in fall math classes (up 8% over last year) // construction to begin on UC's Bodega Marine Laboratory funded by $1.5 million federal grant.

10th: Letter in SLATE Supplement calls for "open, fierce, and thoroughgoing rebellion" on campus // rally (15th) in support of picketing at Oakland Tribune (led by Ad Hoc Committee to End Discrimination).

16th: Letter from Dean of Students Katherine Towle (as directed by Vice Chancellor Alex Sherriffs) to student organizations bans political activity on "Bancroft Strip".

17th: Student leaders meet with Dean Towle and protest unfairness of new rules.

21st: Dean Towle modifies rules to allow distribution of "informational" literature.

25th: Kerr says: "their actions — collecting money and picketing — aren't high intellectual activity... It is not right to use the University as a basis from which people organize and undertake direct action in the surrounding community".


4.

28th: Strong "reinterprets" Regents policy to allow advocacy literature at some locations.

29th: Tables at Sather Gate and Bancroft are warned they are illegal.

30th: SNCC and CORE tables set up without permits; Mario Savio and Brian Turner say they are collecting money (which is still banned); five students cited to appear at Dean's office; about 500 students and others protest outside Dean's office at 3 p.m. and begin sit-in; Strong's statement read in hallways at midnight suspends eight students; sit-in breaks up at 2:40 a.m. (Oct. 1).

*** LBJ and Goldwater open presidential campaigns; LBJ says "our common goal is peace" // another shooting incident in Tonkin Gulf // Warren Commission issues report, says Oswald did it alone.

October 1964

Management Science Laboratory under construction at Berkeley; will train students to make business decisions under "live" conditions // UC Institute of Industrial Relation's expands, adds center for labor research and new management programs // world's largest chess game (7th) played in windows of UC residence halls // Hubert Humphrey gives campaign address (15th) in Greek Theatre // Berkeley engineering grads reported switching from electronic and aerospace to environmental fields // UC optometry researchers find way to detect amblyopia in young children // new opera by Professor Imbrie to be premiered on campus in December // Berkeley anthropology students report rich finds in ancient Tolowa Indian village near Crescent City // 600 high school honor students attend Fifth Annual High School Symposium on Learning at Berkeley.

Oct. 1, before noon: Jack Weinberg, a non-student, arrested at CORE table in front of Sproul Hall steps; sit-in develops around police car with Weinberg inside; Savio and others speak from roof of car; second sit-in inside Sproul Hall and scuffle at door (policeman bitten on leg); crowd swells to about 2,500 in evening; Governor Brown ways "this will not be tolerated"; Chancellor Strong says "freedom of speech is not the issue"; ASUC's Powell asks that students "not oppose the administration"; sit-in continues through the night.

Oct. 2: Daily Californian says students should think for themselves; crowd in afternoon estimated at over 7,000; about 500 police officers assembled in late afternoon inside and behind Sproul Hall; Kerr, Strong, and some faculty meet with student leaders and reach agreement (about 7:15 p.m.) that ends sit-in, releases Weinberg, and sets up committee processes on suspensions and on political rules for campus.

Oct. 3-31: rallies, meetings, charges and countercharges; wrangling over meaning of "Pact of Oct. 2nd"; statements by public officials, ACLU, etc.; Regents commend Kerr for his handling of "regrettable demonstrations"; Committee on Campus Political Activity set up under Professor Robley Williams; special committee on suspensions under Professor I. M. Heyman.


5.

*** Soviet spaceship carries three men into space // DOD announces 204 US dead in Vietnam // Khruschev deposed as Soviet premier, replaced by Brezhnev and Kosygin // Labor wins in British election, Harold Wilson is prime minister // China tests first A-bomb // Herbert Hoover dies (20th) // LBJ at Madison Square Garden promises a "Great Society" (31st).

November 1964

3rd: $380 million bond issue, mostly for higher education construction approved by California voters.

UC study finds 40 surviving California condors; calls for strict measures to protect species // Professor Rubin is co-winner of Albert Lasker Award for Medical Research // Berkeley study challenges stereotype of "successful Peace Corps personality" // Berkeley education professor warns that colleges aren't developing enough programs for women.

Meetings, debates, arguments over Free Speech Movement (FSM) issues continue through the month; ASUC condems FSM tactics; FSM holds "illegal" rallies, leading Kerr and Strong to dissolve the Committee on Campus Political Activity; Graduate Coordinating Committee under Steve Weissman joins protest and sets up "illegal" tables; Heyman committee recommends reinstating six of eight cited students and six-week suspensions for Savio and Art Goldberg.

20th: Mass rally and march from Sproul Hall to University Hall, where regents are meeting; Joan Baez sings at rally; regents approve tougher penalties for FSM leaders, also agree to a new policy to allow some political advocacy on campus.

23rd: Rally and 3-hour sit-in at Sproul Hall protest regents decision.

24th: Strong issues new rules for political activity, puts ASUC president in charge of it.

28th: Savio and Goldberg receive letters from Strong charging them with campus violations in police car sit-in.

30th: Kerr, in letter to Daily Cal, gives "correct" version of earlier quote:

"I am sorry to say that some elements active in the demonstrations have been impressed with the tactics of Fidel Castro and Mao Tse-Tung."

*** LBJ wins election by biggest landslide (3rd) // J. Edgar Hoover calls Martin Luther King, Jr. "the most notorious liar in the country."

December 1964

Major symposium on "China Today" held on Berkeley campus // Peter Selz appointed director of UC Art Museum // UC Center for Study of Higher Education starting massive two-year study of community colleges // cement that expands developed by Berkeley engineers // American Physical Society holds annual Winter Meeting in the West on Berkeley campus // Birge Hall dedicated.

Dec. 1st: FSM "ultimatum" demands dropping new discipline


6.
charges against Savio, Art Goldberg, Jackie Goldberg, and Brian Turner within 24 hours or "direct action will follow"; ASUC again condemns FSM for "meaningless harassment".

Dec. 2nd: Savio, at big rally, says

"you've got to put your bodies upon the gears and upon the wheels, upon the levers, upon all the apparatus and you've got to make it stop. And you've got to indicate to the people who run it that unless you're free the machines will be prevented from working at all"
about 1,000 persons, following Joan Baez and singing We Shall Overcome, enter Sproul Hall and begin sit-in.

Dec. 3rd, 3 a.m.: Chancellor Strong, with bullhorn, asks demonstrators to leave; 635 police assemble and begin making arrests on order of Governor Brown; 12 hours required to clear building; many demonstrators "go limp," are dragged to elevator, then booked and taken to buses; 814 arrested (all but 15% are Berkeley students; none are faculty) and taken to Santa Rita or jails in Berkeley and Oakland; faculty and others raise over $8,000 in bail fees; hurried faculty meetings; Brown and Kerr both speak of anarchy.

Dec. 4th: Strike urged and many students boycott classes through Friday.

Dec. 5th: Alumni Council condemns FSM, applauds Kerr, Strong, and law enforcement.

Dec. 6th: Sunday announcement says University Meeting will be held on Monday; Strong admitted to hospital with stomach pains.

Dec. 7th: 678 demonstrators appear before Judge Rupert Crittenden (Mon.) in Berkeley Community Theater; arraignement postponed; some 16,000 gather at Greek Theater (11 a.m.) to hear Kerr accept Council of Dept. Chairmen proposals for liberalized rules and to let courts handle all discipline; as Kerr leaves, Savio approaches microphone (just to announce rally, he says later), is dragged away by police and later released; huge rally follows in Sproul Plaza.

Dec. 8th: Academic Senate meets in Wheeler Auditorium with over 1,000 present; adopts resolutions urging no discipline for FSM students, only time-place-manner regulations on political activity, no campus restrictions on content of speech; also adopts plan to set up Emergency Executive Committee; 3,000 cheer vote outside; ASUC's Powell says "overall we've missed the boat."

13th: Strong released from hospital.

18th: Regents, meeting in L.A., promise review of University policies and say they

"do not contemplate that advocacy or content of speech shall be restricted beyond the purview of the 1st and 14th amendments.

*** Pope Paul visits India // FBI arrests 21 in connection with murder of civil rights workers in Mississippi (charges dismissed 6 days later for lack of evidence) // floods in northern California and Pacific Northwest (22nd to 24th), 40 dead.


7

1965

January 1965

UC engineers develop low-cost solar stills to de-salt water, test them in South Pacific // experts gather at Berkeley to explore latest knowledge on birth deformities // construction set to begin on Earl Warren Legal Center at Berkeley; to provide legal profession with "a living laboratory of the law" // Berkeley receives maximum fellowship grant from Woodrow Wilson Foundation.

Jan. 2nd: Emergency meeting of the regents names Martin Meyerson as Acting Chancellor; Strong placed on leave to recuperate from illness.

3rd: Meyerson issues interim time-place-manner rules; FSM holds its first "legal" rally on Sproul Steps.

12th: Professor Smelser appointed by Meyerson as assistant on student political activity.

21st: 139 faculty members headed by Professor tenBroek ask judge to dismiss FSM charges.

26th: Judge denies faculty petition.

Laboratory worker shot to death by husband in Life Sciences Building.

*** LBJ announces program for Great Society in State of Union Address // LBJ and Humphrey inaugurated // Winston Churchill dies (24th) // Soviets detonate megaton bomb underground // federal indictments issued against 18 in Mississippi civil rights murders // Sheriff Jim Clark at Selma, Alabama, arrests 62 Negroes (19th) after they refuse to enter courthouse through alley door when registering to vote; arrests another 150 the next day; federal judge later issues order barring interference with registration.

February 1965

Berkeley economist predicts more serious disagreements between US and DeGaulle // Dead Sea Scrolls to be displayed in May on Berkeley campus // Leutze painting of Washington at Monmouth "found" at Berkeley, to be displayed // Barrows Hall, new $3.5 million building for social sciences and business administration, dedicated // legal scholars at Berkeley say poor need "advocacy explosion" to assure legal rights in attack on poverty // engineering students at Berkeley turn tables, grade professors, give them high marks // folklore archives being established in anthropology department // Berkeley economist says federal laws being frustrated and violated in California water project // Berkeley student volunteers test new design for contact lenses.

Jerome Byrne, Beverly Hills attorney, leads commission beginning probe of problems leading to student unrest (under regents special committee headed by Regent Forbes).

*** Vietcong attacks kill 8 Americans at Pleiku // US planes (Feb. 7th) bomb North Vietnam for first time (this begins major escalation of the war; other strikes Feb. 8 and 24) // White Paper (27th) says US has taken its place beside S. Vietnamese in their defensive struggle // Martin Luther King, Jr. and 770 others arrested in Selma (1st) // Malcolm X


8.
shot to death in New York (21st) // district judge dismisses indictment in Mississippi against 17 accused in civil rights slaying.

March 1965

Social welfare professor begins major study of child abuse // statewide conference at Berkeley discusses future of California's Central Valley // "In White America," documentary drama on American Negro experience, performed on campus // Joel Hildebrand receives Priestley Memorial Award // Berkeley linguistics scholar describes reconstruction of long-dead unwritten languages // survey of Berkeley alumni shows most see the campus as a leader in education, are gratified they attended it, and don't believe it is too impersonal // Lord Robbins of Clare Market delivers main address at Berkeley's annual Charter Day (23rd) // Charles J. Hitch, Assistant Secretary of Defense, to deliver Gaither Lectures in Berkeley in April // Berkeley gets over $1 million in federal funds to set up work-study program for students.

Survey by Berkeley sociology students shows most students on campus supported aims of FSM, fewer supported confrontational tactics, and most are fairly satisfied with their education.

Acting Chancellor Meyerson (March 1st) challenges Academic Senate to consider a "pluralistic approach to education" and proposes a commission to develop proposals for "the revitalization of our educational aims and practice" // Academic Senate votes to create a Select Committee on Edcuation (8th); later, Professor Charles Muscatine is appointed to head it.

John Thompson, a 19-year-old barefoot and unpublished non-student poet, sits on Student Union steps (Mar. 3rd) holding a small sign with "fuck" pencilled on it; (later, when asked why, says it was "something I had been thinking about a lot"); police arrest him for "outraging public decency."

Noon rally (4th) protests Thompson's arrest; Nicholas Zvengintzov leads spell-out yell; Art Goldberg and others use the word; four arrests made later at Bancroft Strip; small crowd protests in Sproul Hall basement, where Michael Klein is arrested for reading aloud from Lady Chatterley's Lover.

Professor Schorer, Chairman of English Department, tells rally (5th) that dirty word protest isn't worthy of serious students and that flaunting words in public isn't same as using in literature; Charles Artman, "historian" of FSM, delivers long discourse on philosophy, politics, and lovemaking // in all, nine persons arrested for dirty words, including three students and one staff member of Spider (an off-campus "underground" magazine).

Kerr and Meyerson announce (9th) they will resign at next regents meeting; reasons not clearly stated; later revealed that some regents had applied pressure in regard to handling discipline in dirty word cases (which Kerr gives name of "Filthy Speech Movement").


9.

Article in The New Yorker (by Calvin Trillin) (14th) describes philosophy of FSM leadership in terms of a "new politics" (soon called the New Left); born of civil rights and peace movement activism; marked by new life styles and attacks on liberals like Kerr and Governor Brown.

Oakland Tribune in copyrighted story says Kerr pulled rug from under Strong and capitulated to FSM (story based on private Strong memo); biggest meeting of Academic Senate (1,250) held in Pauley Ballroom votes to ask Kerr and Meyerson to withdraw resignations, condemns obscenity, advocates "better balance between statewide administration and campus autonomy."

Kerr and Meyerson withdraw resignations (threat to resign in Kerr's case, since he never submitted actual resignation) at special regents meeting (Mar. 13th); Strong's letter of resignation as chancellor accepted by regents.

Meyerson bans sale of Spider on campus (18th), also bans play (For Unlawful Carnal Knowledge) written by Richard Schmorleitz, former press chief of FSM; Daily Cal notes (30th) that FSM "as a united front of many organizations focusing on limited objectives has in effect been dissolved"; Meyerson lifts ban on Spider (31st).

*** More than 3,500 US Marines land in Vietman (8th) // Boston minister killed in Selma, Alabama // LBJ asks congress for additional voting rights legislation // civil rights marchers at Montgomery, Alabama routed with cattle prods, etc. (18th); later, mass march by 1,500 // LBJ federalizes Alabama National Guard // 3,200 begin march from Selma to Montgomery, led by Martin Luther King, Jr. and others (21st) // Mrs. Liuzzo shot to death near Selma (25th) // Soviet astronaut takes first space walk // first US manned Gemini flight (23rd).

April 1965

Berkeley professor develops folding shelter to aid farm labor housing problem // UC glee club to give free concerts in flood-stricken communities of Northern California // Ford Foundation gives largest grant for international studies ($5 million) to Berkeley // seven architects picked as finalists in competition for new University Arts Center // public health study at Berkeley shows obesity in teenagers not solely a cuestion of calories // space scientists discover key step in translating chemical code into living molecules // 300 Berkeley families cooperating in UC study of consumer behavior and retail competition // UC conference to show labor groups how they can participate in anti-poverty program // Berkeley seeks nearly $2 million in federal NDEA funds for student loans // major report on The Arts in the San Francisco Bay Area published by UC's Institute of Governmental Studies // Nobel laureate Donald Glaser to develop novel machine for identifying and analyzing microbes // Professor Maisel of business administration appointed by LBJ to Board of Governors of Federal Reserve // Nobelist Melvin Calvin reports life may have exiested on earth 2.7 billion years ago.

Meyerson appoints special assistant for educational and administrative reform.


10.

April 1st: Mass trial of FSM defendants begins before Judge Crittenden.

21st: Meyerson dismisses Art Goldberg and suspends Klein, Zvegintzov, and David Bills for "filthy speech" actions.

22nd: Angry response to discipline at rally, Savio announces "end of the honeymoon with Marty."

26th: Savio says he's quitting FSM to avoid charges of "Bonapartism."

28th: Bettina Aptheker and Jack Weinberg announce that FSM will be replaced with a permanent, broadly-based "Free Student Union".

*** 230 planes in largest Vietnam air strike (15th) // LBJ rejects appeals to halt air strikes (17th) // military coup in Dominican Republic (24th); LBJ sends in Marines (28th); they remain until after truce signed (May 5th) // Martin LutherKing, Jr. presses Alabama boycott plan // first commercial (COMSAT) satellite launched.

May 1965

Select faculty committee, in preliminary report, says substantial changes needed in educational offerings of Berkeley // UC Institute of Governmental Studies publishes report on "Air Resource Management in the San Francisco Bay Area" // Institute of Industrial Relations publishes series of articles on early retirement // head of National Theater of Greece to stage authentic "Antigone" on campus // closed "algatron" system to recycle air and water on space flights developed by Berkeley engineers // IGS report at Berkeley tells advantages of ombudsman in government // construction contract amounting to $4.5 million awarded to build Lawrence Hall of Science (a national center for science education research and teacher training) // VISTA recruiting drive attracts 350 Berkeley student applicants (most of any campus) // futuristic physical sciences lecture hall with rotating stage and built-in television opens at Berkeley // criminology at Berkeley, aided by $ 1/2-million federal grant, launches intern program to develop leaders in crime prevention and law enforcement.

Charles Hitch, Assistant Secretary of Defense, named UC's vice president for finance // Jerry Goldstein beats SLATE's Sandor Fuchs for ASUC president.

11th: Byrne releases report commissioned by Regents' Forbes Committee; major findings that student unrest based on dissatisfaction with society, widespread student support for FSM objectives, little or no communist influence, little non-student involvement; recommends much greater campus autonomy with each campus chartered separately in a loose confederation.

Vietnam Day Committee (VDC) organized by Jerry Rubin and Professor Stephen Smale holds big two-day teach-in on Union Field on campus; crowds estimated as high as 5,000; Norman Mailer among the speakers; event marks major shift of emphasis in student activism from civil rights to anti-war protest (May 21st and 22nd).

Dead Sea Scrolls exhibit on campus draws record crowd of 45,000.


11.

*** mistrial in case of murder of Mrs. Liuzzo // 1,200 men of 173rd Airborne Brigade arrive in Vietnam (first army ground unit) (5th) // second Chinese A-bomb (14th) // street fighting in Bogalusa, La. (29th).

June 1965

Increasing competition but still favorable job outlook reported for Berkeley graduates // Michael Tigar named editor of law review at Boalt Hall // UC Marching Band leaves on 10,000-mile tour of US // 7,827 graduates awarded degrees and certificates at commencement // groundbreaking ceremonies headed by Glenn Seaborg mark start of construction of Lawrence Hall of Science // spiral pattern of solar magnetism in space discovered by Berkeley scientists // Meyerson commends 262 Berkeley students who par ticipated in volunteer tutoring in Berkeley schools // United Nations 20th anniversary convocation held in Greek Theater (26th); honors U Thant, Carlos Romulo, and other leaders.

Professor Sontag in baccalaureate address tells Berkeley graduates

"it is an age of great hope, but also an age of great danger" and that "the hope is not going to be realized by the yelling, the violence, of rival fanaticisms."

Arleigh Williams named acting dean of students to replace retiring Dean Katherine Towle.

Testimony concluded in FSM trial; documentary on The Berkeley Rebels shown on CBS television network.

State Senate's "Burns Committee" on Un-American Activities issues report attributing FSM demonstrations to communist influence and saying that Kerr was overly tolerant of communists.

*** LBJ at Howard University says Negro poverty is a constant reminder of guilt for white society // Westmorland authorizes ground troops in direct combat in vietnam // McNamara says 21,000 additional US troops will go to Vietnam // LBJ says Hanoi won't talk // first B-52 bombing attacks in Vietnam // first big US ground attack in Vietnam (28th) // Nguyen Cao Ky becomes Vietnam premier // Queen Elizabeth names The Beatles, a rock group popular in England, to birthday honors list; minor furor follows in British press // Ed White is first American to walk in space.

July 1965

Berkeley engineers use new device to study pollution from combustion engines // Mario Ciampi wins competition to design new University Arts Center // new academic degree, Doctor of Optometry, established at Berkeley // Berkeley study finds no physiological differences between smokers and non-smokers // short-lived "D" meson particle discovered by Berkeley scientists Berkeley study shows why high blood pressure kills more Negroes than whites // Berkeley team begins balloon and rocket probe of electrons above earth's atmosphere // new biomedical engineering


12.
program in College of Engineering // Oakland Symphony and UC Berkeley receive grant to perform new American music.

19th: Sentencing of FSM defendants begins; 649 had been found guilty, 101 pleaded nolo contendre; most sentenced to $150 fine with 10-day suspended jail sentence and one year probation; leaders fined $200 with 30-day suspended sentences; some even heavier.

20th: rally next day protests sentences and war in Vietnam; another rally (29th) and march to city hall to protest high bail and the war, Savio in comeback speech, he choses 120 days in jail and no probation over judge's offer of 90-day sentence and two years' probation.

Roger Heyns named by regents to be Berkeley's fourth chancellor (Jul. 26 he will leave post as vice president of University of Michigan; he appoints Professor Earl Cheit to be acting head of campus until he takes over and to be executive vice chancellor afterward; later announced that Alex C. Sherriffs, vice chancellor for student affairs, will leave post and take one-year sabbatical; (much later revealed that Kerr ordered firing of Sherriffs).

Professor Eugene Burdick dies (26th).

*** Adlai Stevenson dies in London (14th); Arthur Goldberg later appointed UN ambassador // John W. Gardner appointed secretary of HEW // series of CORE demonstrations begins in Bogalusa // King begins civil rights drive in Chicago // LBJ announces step-up in draft from 17,000 to 35,000 per month // Mariner spacecraft photographs Mars for first time.

August 1965

Berkeley engineers chart sand clogging of harbors and shipping channels in California // Professor Schorske of history appointed by Chancellor Heyns as special assistant for academic planning // Meyerson keeps promise to personally sign 2,000 bachelor's degree diplomas for Berkeley students.

Heyns takes over as chancellor (Aug. 13th).

Troop train demonstrations along Santa Fe tracks in Berkeley (5th and later); crowds up to 500; organized by VDC; trains go through, some demonstrators nearly killed; first major attempt at civil disobedience in Berkeley aimed against Vietnam War.

First issue of Berkeley Barb comes off the press; sold on Telegraph Ave. by editor and publisher Max Scherr (13th).

*** heavy fighting in Vietnam throughout month // US plans to send 50,000 more troops // LBJ asks for $1.7 billion added war funds // first of series of clashes between India and Pakistan // Watts riots in Los Angeles (11th through 16th); 35 killed; $200 million in damage // record 8-day flight of Gemini 5 in space.


13.

September 1965

Berkeley's high altitude psychology project demonstrates man's will to succeed // new "impact simulator" to test auto seat belts constructed by Berkeley engineers under contract with California Highway Patrol // Chancellor Heyns appoints distinguished committee to advise on future of journalism at Berkeley // Heyns in first public appearance addresses packed University Meeting in Greek Theater (22nd) // nuclear beam treatment for pituitary diseases reported by Berkeley scientist // San Francisco Opera to present Lohengrin in Greek Theater // Berkeley enrollment is 26,719; undergrads drop 6.5% while grads increase 5% // Heyns appoints Professor Searle as special assistant.

Professor Smale announces that VDC [Vietnam Day Committee] is planning October march of 10,000 or more from Berkeley to Oakland Army Base, where acts of civil disobedience might occur; letter signed by more than 300 faculty blasts VDC's use of "simplistic and violent slogans."

China calls for People's War to win final victory over US and Western Europe // De Gaulle says France will pull out of NATO in 1969 // U Thant flies to India and Pakistan; truce reached but then broken // Albert Schweitzer dies (4th) // Castro says Cubans can leave // San Francisco Chronicle and Examiner in merger agreement; News-Call Bulletin folds; combined Sunday paper.

October 1965

Construction of small astronomical observatory for Berkeley students begins near Lafayette // strange phenomenon in space called "mysterium" discovered by Berkeley radio astronomers (later proves to be first evidence of molecules in interstellar space) // Etcheverry Hall, new $4.5 million engineering building, dedicated at Berkeley // series of events at Berkeley mark 700th birthday of Dante Aleghieri // success reported in Berkeley faculty project to aid Negro colleges // massive study of California banking industry published by Berkeley economists // plans announced for meeting of American Association for the Advancement of Science on campus in December; 6,000 scientists expected // Art of Northwest Coast exhibit draws record attendance of 47,000 // Berkeley scientist heads international study in Brazil to test continental drift theory // Wurster Hall, $6.2 million building for College of Environmental Design, dedicated.

VDC teach-in is followed by two marches (Oct. 15th and 16th) aimed at Oakland Army Base; VDC action at Berkeley helps spark anti-war protests throughout the world; furor on campus and among public officials before event; hassle over campus rules and parade permits.

Actor Ronald Reagan (said to be possible candidate for governor) says he hopes US will declare war on Vietnam so protestors can be arrested for treason.

Pre-march teach-in (15th) draws Allen Ginsberg, Ken Kesey (in his "cuckoo" bus), Paul Goodman, and others; Friday evening march of 7,000 to 14,000 turns back at Oakland border and


14.
ends at "Provo" Park near Berkeley City Hall; Saturday march of up to 3,000 again halted by Oakland police; Hell's Angels break through police lines to attack marchers; VDC promises third march in November.

Heyns approves appointment of Eli Katz in German Department (claimed by some to have been a communist); Regents Canaday, Hearst, Pauley, and Rafferty complain.

*** heavy fighting throughout month in Vietnam // Pope Paul flies to New York, makes peace appeal to United Nations // 40,200 to be drafted in December // LBJ has gall bladder removed // anti-war rallies (15th and 16th) from New York to Berkeley // Klansman found not guilty of murdering Mrs. Liuzzo.

November 1965

Berkeley tops all campuses in nation in volunteer enlistments in Peace Corps // ceremony marks growth of Berkeley library to three million volumes; largest west of Illinois // Princess Margaret and The Earl of Snowdon visit Berkeley campus (8th) // Ford grant continues Berkeley project on family planning in Pakistan // federal grant of $4.3 million announced to expand higher education research at Berkeley into a Center for Research and Development in Higher Education // joint Berkeley-UCLA project to modernize higher education in Colombia (with AID funds) // construction begins on $6.8 million auditorium-theater on campus (later named Zellerbach Hall) // Berkeley survey reveals attitudes of union members toward their leaders.

Bettina Aptheker reveals she has been a Communist since 1962; later (23rd) she is elected to the new Campus Rules Committee ("First time a communist has been elected in this country for any office since 1946," she says.).

Third VDC march (20th) with about 7,000 persons goes to DeFremery Park in Oakland; no violence; judge allows it under heavy police guard.

*** first of three US war protesters dies as human torch outside McNamara's office // US war losses now 1,334 dead // US and Cuba agree to airlift 3,000 to 4,000 refugees per week // Rhodesia proclaims independence from Britain.

December 1965

Neighborhood Youth Corps program on campus will provide jobs for disadvantaged youth // major tasks completed for next year's shift from semester to quarter system at Berkeley // vastly enlarged work-study program will provide jobs for most of needy students at Berkeley // elementary school in Colombia named for Maureen Orth, a recent Berkeley graduate scrving in Peace Corps // UC campuses and laboratories reported to be pouring more than $300 million per year into Bay Area economy // construction totalling $33 million planned for Berkeley Campus in coming year;


15.
Rev. Hubert "Holy Hubert" Lindsey arrives in Berkeley; begins daily preaching at Bancroft entrance ("bless your dirty heart") // American Association for the Advancement of Science meets on campus during Christmas recess (26th to 31st); hundreds of new findings reported including latest from space flights; Berkeley scientists report on new drugs that may improve memory and learning ability // two year "Tussmna College" to start in 1966.

First anniversary of Sproul Hall sit-in celebrated (2nd) with puppet show on Sproul steps and march through building.

Regents approve decentralization proposals (17th); give chancellors full power to appoint and promote faculty and to accept gifts and grants up to $1 million..

*** Gemini 6 and Gemini 7 achieve first rendezvous of two spacecraft in orbit // heavy bombing of Haiphong area (15th); first on major industrial targets in the north // AFL-CIO backs LBJ's policy on Vietnam // Christmas truce in Vietnam begins on 23rd // LBJ says (29th) he is launching a major peace drive.

1966

January 1966

Campus to make first survey of racial and ethnic makeup of student body; Heyns appoints assistant (Bill Somerville) to expand community service activities and recruit minority students // Berkeley expert calls for sweeping changes in public school financing and administration to achieve equality in classrooms // distinguished committee recommends a graduate professional school of journalism at Berkeley // design students at Berkeley bake a 25-square-foot pizza // "Berkeley Physics Course" now adopted by 40 other universities and colleges // Berkeley scientists develop method of chemical analysis with x-rays // business study at Berkeley predicts high transit costs in five to ten years // 600 attend street and highway design conference at Berkeley.

VDC rally and march (31st) of about 200 to Congressman Cohelan's office in Oakland to protest war.

*** Bobby Baker indicted for tax evasion // Georgia legislature bars seating of Julian Bond // Robert Weaver appointed Secy. of HUD (first Negro in cabinet) // Prime Minister Shastri dies in India; Indira Ghandi becomes prime minister // LBJ in state-of-union address is firm on Vietnam but promises to continue Great Society programs // US H-bomb lost in ocean off Spain; later recovered // Vietnam air raids resume (31st) after 37-day halt // Ky pledges popular election.

February 1966

Brooks Atkinson spends month in Berkeley as regents lecturer // federal program to train special drug agents to be conducted on campus // Ford grant aids Berkeley in planning prison college at San Quentin // 1,100 high school students attend Model UN at Berkeley // Seaborg and others celebrate 25th


16.
Anniversary of discovery of plutonium, place plaque in Berkeley laboratory // Berkeley's elementary school science curriculum project expands with publishing program and teaching centers // first comprehensive show of kinetic sculpture opens on campus // Berkeley team launches study of cultural change in San Francisco's Chinatown.

Three students (Aptheker, Susan Stein, and Hal Jacobs) in hearing before faculty hearing officer for violating rules at VDC rally; controversy over rules continues mingled with rising anger over war; Faculty Peace Committee and others oppose VDC attempt to discuss war in classes.

Heyns appoints dean-policemen ("dean fuzz") to enforce campus rules in plaz.a.

Free University of Berkeley (FUB) begins classes off campus; offers "radical scholarship" (but also charges tuition)<./p>

*** Soviet's Luna 9 makes first soft landing on moon // pro and anti war marches in New York City // LBJ and Ky meet in Honolulu; Ky says he won't let Vietcong into government // Russian writers Sinyavsky and Daniel sentenced to hard labor // Operation White Wing, massive search and destroy mission, winds up in Quangtri province // military coup deposes Nkrumah in Ghana.

March 1966

High school students attend science symposium in Berkeley // Berkeley has now contributed more than twice as many Peace Corps volunteers as any other campus in US // Berkeley engineer devises computer technique to conserve donated blood.

Heyns announces disciplinary probation for Apthecker and other students who broke rules (7th); 18 students and Professor John Leggett cited at "illegal" PROC (Peace/Rights Organizing Committee) table (23rd); later, Heyns threatens reprimand of Leggett (who leaves at end of term) and dismisses three students (Mike Smith, Susan Stein, and Steve Hamilton) for breaking rules and refusing to accept discipline; Charles Aronson is first person excluded from campus under new Mulford Act (24th).

Threat of disruption at Charter Day exercises in Greek Theater (25th) turns into walkout by anti-war demonstrators as Ambassador Arthur Goldberg receives honorary degree; Heyns inauguated as chancellor at exercises; later, Goldberg and Professor Franz Schurmann in debate on US war policy in Harmon Gymnasium.

VDC dance in Harmon Gym (25th) results in reports of marijuana smoking and sexual misconduct, criticism later by public officials.

Regents meet in Sproul Hall (24th and 25th); Higgs replaces McLaughlin on board; Max Rafferty "tours" campus, later says he saw evidence that Berkeley is a center for "sex, drugs, and treason."


17.

Muscatine Report released by Academic Senate's Select Committee (later published as Education at Berkeley; a major plan for change with 42 specific recommendations involving the grading system, student evaluation, field studies, interdisciplinary studies, and better advising; report receives nationwide publicity and acclaim (18th).

Academic Senate, in first meeting on Muscatine recommendations (31st), votes to establish a Board of Educational Development with authority to sponsor and grant credit for experimental courses; also votes to set up a Council for Special Curricula to approve experimental degree programs and to ask the chancellor to appoint an assistant chancellor for educational development.

San Francisco Chronicle front page story tells of nude sex parties in Berkeley; Sexual Freedom League and topless dance acts in San Francisco draw attention to new trends; later (in summer) Jefferson Poland and others hold nude wade-in in San Francisco

Carol Doda appears at huge campus rally (estimated at 10,000) in behalf of Ugly Man Contest.

*** McNamara announces troop strength in Vietnam at 215,000, another 20,000 on the way // Mrs. Ghandi visits US // Sukarno yields power to military; Suharto takes over in Indonesia three found guilty in Malcolm X slaying // riot in Watts, 2 killed (15th) // Gemini 8 makes emergency landing in the Pacific // 198 academic experts urge UN seat for China.

April 1966

All fraternities and sororities at Berkeley now in compliance with non-discrimination policy // Berkeley study of Christian beliefs and anti-Semitism published, part of massive study of patterns of prejudice // Berkeley scientist discovers new cyclic chemical pathway in photosynthesis // three Berkeley faculty elected to National Academy of Sciences.

VDC headquarters on Fulton St. in Berkeley bombed (9th), five injured // anti-war activists support Bob Scheer for congress.

Street demonstration on Telegraph Ave. in support of Saigon students (12th); first instance of "street fighting" in Berkeley between demonstrators and police; crowd estimated at 1,500; eight non-students arrested (including Stewart Albert).

Another "Burns Committee" report issued in Sacramento (28th) attacking UC and Kerr (who had issued lengthy rebuttal to 1965 report); cites Mime Troupe performance ("debased spectacle"); "anything goes" atmosphere; VDC dance; homosexuality ("2,700 homosexuals at Berkeley"); Eli Katz, etc.

Kerr says report contains "distortions, half truths, inaccuracies, and statements and situations taken out of context"; Heyns says it is a "tiresome rehash of issues raised before and replied to by my office or me"; aide to Ronald Reagan says the actor, now running for GOP governor nomination, will definitely make the "UC mess" a campaign issue


18.
.

*** anti-war demonstrations in Easter parade in New York (10th) // Justice Dept. reports that more than a million Negroes have registered in Deep South since voting rights act of 1965 // first big B-52 raid on North Vietnam // LBJ proposes fair housing bill to congress // LBJ, reacting to furor caused by Ralph Nader's book, urges passage of auto safety legislation.

May 1966

Total of 83,707 persons saw kinetic sculpture show at Berkeley // Berkeley scientists discover complete chemical structure of human growth hormone, believe now possible to synthesize it // Speaker Unruh to address conference of legislative intems at Berkeley // Berkeley study shows welfare directors reluctant to provide birth control services // Berkeley political scientist reports that primary elections now count most in many California districts // over $2 million now pledged to Lawrence Hall of Science // Berkeley sociologist says America's four "burdens of abundance" block progress toward real equality and freedom.

Heyns appoints William Boyd as vice chancellor for student affairs; Arleigh Williams as dean of students (20th); Thomas Sorensen is appointed by Kerr (15th) as UC vice president for university relations.

Admission applications at Berzeley are up overall 2.3%; down 13.3% for freshmen, up 20.5% for advanced standing from other colleges and 40.1% for intercampus transfers.

Academic Senate approves experimental "passed-not passed" grading option (5th); Senate later (17th) votes to admit student members to its Student Affairs Committee and to give the ASUC president the privilege of speaking at senate meetings.

Judge Crittenden of FSM trials dies of heart attack (4th).

Ethnic survey finds 1.02% of Berkeley students are American Negroes; 0.35% are Mexican-Americans.

Regents appoint committee to investigate Burns Committee charges (20th); committee headed by Regent Tapp later issues brief report saying that some errors had been made by UC but that "it is making significant progress".

Major nationwide survey by the American Council on Education (ACE) finds Berkeley rates higher in more fields (in quality of faculty and of graduate programs) than any other university in U.S.; concludes that Berkeley is "best balanced distinguished university in the nation".

Dan McIntosh elected ASUC president; student poll favors immediate US withdrawl from Vietnam; Robert Scheer campaign for congress attracts heavy activist support (he loses to Cohelan in June primary).

*** first US raid on Cambodia widens the war // US Senate debate on Vietnam; Fulbright, Morse, and others attack US policy //


19
White House picketed by 10,000 (15th) // - LBJ lashes out at war critics, warns of "nervous nellies" // U Thant calls for peace talks // US announces sale of war planes to Israel // Adenauer visits Israel // China tests third A-bomb // Surveyor l launched, later lands on moon and takes photos.

June 1966

8,669 students receive degrees and certificates at commencement // Martin Meyerson gives baccalaureate address, leaves during summer to become president of N.Y. State University at Buffalo // new $1.5 million UC Bodega Marine Laboratory opens, first summer classes scheduled there // employment prospects for Berkeley graduates said to be best since World War II // UC scientists "honored" by widespread Soviet piracy of their writings // Berkeley study finds "non-learner" children may be intellectually equal to high performers // Professor Halbach named dean of law school // Professor Smelser appointed assistant chancellor for educational development // 200 underprivileged kids attend student-sponsored Cal Camp // UC scientists head design study for new 200-billion-volt national accelerator; bid to have it built in California (but congress later adopts site in Illinois).

*** anti-war protests at several commencements in US // White House conference on civil rights urges new legislation; boycotted by SNCC; Floyd McKissich of CORE offers anti-war resolution // Battle of Kontum in Vietnam // LBJ says air war may be escalated; later, Hanoi bombed for first time // Gemini 9 launched, Cernan takes longest space walk // James Meredith begins pilgrimage march, later wounded in ambush, King to continue march // Jack Ruby ruled sane by Texas court // Cohelan wins.

July 1966

Berkeley sociologist in book says police ought to become defenders of constitutional legality // construction begins on new $4 million structural engineering addition // criminology school starts experiment in reducing delinquency in a suburban community // Berkeley scholar analyses traits of flying saucer cultists // new doctoral program begins to' train specialists in education research // Berkeley study launched on solving problems of solid waste disposal

*** CORE convention endorses "Black Power" concept, calls for end of war // NAACP and Wilkins say they reject "Black Power" concept // federal Medicare program goes into effect // teamsters reelect Hoffa // bombing of North Vietnam widens // Mrs. Ghandi urges reconvening of Geneva Conference to end war // Richard Speck slays eight student nurses in Chicago // racial rioting in several cities including San Francisco // Humphrey calls for drive to wipe out slums // Gemini 10 flight launched, sets new records // a "cultural revolution" reported to be sweeping China // 43-day airline strike begins.


20

August 1966

Berkeley co-ed picked as one of nation's 10 "best dressed" // XIIIth International Conference on High Energy Physics meets at Berkeley // Berkeley center publishes history of labor struggles in California // Stephen Smale wins the Fields Award, sometimes known as the "nobel prize of mathematics" // Berkeley scientists present evidence that electrically charged air influences living organisms //

*** biggest draft call, 46,200 men, issued for October // McNamara announces plan to "salvage" draft rejects // University of Texas sniper kills 14, injures 30 others // Luci Johnson wed amid pomp and splendor // Chinese purge continues; Red Guard terrorism; Lin Piao elevated // King stoned while leading civil rights march in Chicago // anti-war marches in several cities.

Savio's application to re-enter Berkeley is denied (because it arrived "too late"); Cheit revokes campus registration of VDC for failing to abide by rules and to pay bills owed to UC (letter to Peter Camejo of VDC steering committee); Karen Lieberman fired from campus job by Cheit because she broke rules in PROC episode in March.

HUAC subpoonas of anti-war activists protested; Rubin appears at HUAC hearing in Revolutionary War uniform.

September 1966

Quarter system begins with opening of fall term // Muscatine Report published in England, hailed by the Manchester Guardian as "an encouragingly progressive document" // Berkeley sets up seven "mathematics centers" in Bay Area for gifted high school students // unique tutorial project puts undergraduates into chemistry research // federal Executive Seminar Center opens in Berkeley with close ties to campus // Ford grant sets up Berkeley project to analyze causes of Negro unemployment.

Professor Lewis Feuer, who is leaving Berkeley, writes article in Atlantic Monthly assailing UC's "moral vacuum," "undiluted orgyism," and the "cult of thievery"; angry response from other faculty including John Searle and Henry May.

Professor William Peterson, also leaving, says faculty are in exodus from Berkeley; Vice Chancellors Cheit and Connick deny this.

*** Prime Minister Verwoerd assassinated in South Africa // LBJ moves against inflation and "tight" money // US troops in Vietnam now number 308,000 // week (18th to 24th) of highest US casualties so far — 142 killed and 825 wounded // Goldberg in UN offers bombing halt if North Vietnam will reduce war effort // De Gaulle in Cambodia urges US to get out of Vietnam // rioting in Cicero, Illinois, and later in Atlanta, Georgia // whites beat Negro children, parents, and newsmen in Grenada, Mississippi // Gemini ll flight achieves first docking in space.


21.

October 1966

Berkeley anthropologists find evidence that American Indians believed animals and humans to be spiritual equals // new $2 million Space Sciences Laboratory dedicated on campus // 26,963 students enrolled in fall including more freshmen than a year ago // new $1.5 million student cooperative is dedicated // plans announced to build a new $4 million undergraduate library // fraternity and sorority membership on upswing over last year // Hildebrand and Giauque$ Halls, new chemistry buildings, are dedicated.

Academic Senate holds series of meetings to consider Muscatine recommendations; approves several changes including freshman serminars, expanded field study opportunities, Professors of the University (later changed to Professor of Arts and Sciences).

Regents receive report on "The Constructive Student"; says that more than 1,500 Berkeley students are actively engaged in community projects and that thousands more donate time and money; examples: school volunteers, "amigos anonymous" in Mexico, big brother project, conservation cleanup work, San Quentin teaching, Union City and Yuba City projects for poor kids.

Berkeley is major issue in California election campaign; Max Rafferty calls campus "an ornithological sanctuary for odd birds...which looks more like a Skid Row than a great university"; Ronald Reagan promises to clean up "the mess at Berkeley" and later says he'll appoint John McCone, former CIA director, to head an investigation; John Gardner, secretary of HEW, pleads that UC not be made an issue.

Sen Robert Kennedy speaks (23rd) to packed house at Greek Theater in series sponsored by Interfraternity Council and ASUC.

All-day Black Power conference (29th) in Greek Theater, sponsored by SDS and drawing a huge crowd, hears Stokely Carmichael, Ron Karenga, Rennie Davis, and others; earlier controversy about plans for conference, heavy criticism from some public figures including Reagan and Governor Brown.

*** Dean Rusk announces bombing pause over DMZ // LBJ meets Asian leaders in Manila, then visits Vietnam // Pope renews peace plea // French wind up A-bomb tests // Jack Ruby murder conviction reversed.

November 1966

Peace Corps applications from Berkeley are over 400 for third consecutive year // first components of super-fast and powerful CDC time-sharing computer system arrive on campus // University Day draws over 1,000 high school students to campus //

California voters approve $230 million bond issue for higher education; Kerr says "people of California have once again confirmed a long-standing commitment to public higher education."


22.

Academic Senate approves plan for a "Candidate" degree for students who complete doctoral requirements except dissertation; also approves Muscatine recommendation asking for more evidence of teaching performanoe in appointment and promotion of faculty.

Savio again denied permission to re-enter Berkeley; had broken rules by passing out literature.

Court rules in favor of Mrs. Patricia Atthowe of Oakland; records on student organizations opened to public.

Demonstration disrupts Dow Chemical Co. recruiting at student placement center.

Sit-in inside Student Union (Nov. 30th) protesting Navy recruiters; nine arrested; Alameda Co. Sheriffs officers called to assist UC and Berkeley police; mass demonstrations follow (2,000 to 3,000 persons) and call for student strike.

*** GOP makes impressive gains in off-year election (7th); Reagan wins in California by million-vote margin over Pat Brown // heavy fighting in Vietnam throughout month // double surgery performed on LBJ.

December 1966

Berkeley scientists lead in developing new scanning eledtron microscope // Berkeley's oral history project has completed 150 biographies and is considered one of best in nation // new technique to aid slow readers developed by Berkeley psychologists.

Huge rally in rain (Dec. 1st) hears Savio and others; mass vote calls for strike of classes which continues with mixed effects until the 6th.

Some faculty at Academic Senate meeting (5th) are displeased by use of police on campus, but Senate votes confidence in Heyns' leadership, calls for end of strike and amnesty for students.

Regents in meeting near Oakland airport (Governor Brown's last meeting) call for end of strike and adopt tough new policy on employees who participate in a strike (6th); ASUC and Daily Cal withdraw strike support.

Strike ends (7th) and is transformed into the "Yellow Submarine" movement with threats of further action in January.

*** Kiesinger becomes chancellor in West Germany // U Thant re-elected secretary-general of UN // Look Magazine agrees to delete part of “Death of a President” after demand by Mrs. Kennedy // Defense Dept. admits civilians "accidentally" bombed in North Vietnam // Governor Hughes of Iowa says LBJ may have a very tough race in 1968.


23.

1967

January 1967

Success reported in setting up freshman tutorials; 750 enrolled in small groups // $2 million "neutronics laboratory" with research reactor opens for research and teaching // federal grant to engineering for experimental and theoretical work on ways to protect buildings from earthquakes // Board of Educational Development (Professor Kelley) announces procedures for students to set up their own courses for credit // Heyns appoints minority personnel coordinator.

Academic Senate votes to set up joint faculty-ASUC study of University governance, recommend on appropriate roles for students, faculty, and administration (Professor Foote and Henry Mayer, a graduate student, later appointed to head commission).

Student committee formed to study a "Campus Council" plan; originated by IFC's Dick Beahrs, Craig Berkman, and others (and referred to favorably by Heyns in December).

78 students disciplined for breaking campus rules during December strike; most censured, some on probation; court convicts non-student leaders Savio, Rubin, Stew Albert, Mike Smith, and Steve Hamilton; hung jury in case of Bill Miller.

Reagan becomes governor; his new director of finance, Gordon Smith, lectures special meeting of regents on state's financial crisis, says UC budget request will have to be cut heavily, says tuition should be instituted ($400 per year suggested); Kerr warns that UC may have to turn away qualified students for first time.

Regents in regular meeting (Jan. 20th) vote to fire Kerr; vote is 14 to 8; Kerr continues in office until end of meeting; Harry R. Wellman named Acting President.

Academic Senate at Berkeley votes to condemn regents action in Kerr firing; asks regents to resist political intervention and maintain tuition-free education; votes to sponsor a special convocation to discuss values of the University; also votes to ask for committee study of whether some kind of "professors' union" should be set up.

"Human Be-In" held in Golden Gate Park in San Francisco (14th); called a "gathering of the tribes"; thousands celebrate spirit of love and new flower-child culture; Jefferson Airplane and other groups perform; Timothy Leary, Allen Ginsberg, Jerry Rubin; ensuing publicity draws thousands of young people to Haight-Ashbury for 1967's "summer of love" // Billy Graham speaks at Greek Theater (27th) during week-long Campus Crusade for Christ.

*** New Years truce ends with "biggest air battle of war" // 380,000 US troops in Vietnam // three US astronauts die in Apollo spacecraft fire at Cape Kennedy // Adam Clayton Powell barred from taking seat in House // LBJ asks surcharge on taxes to pay for war and poverty programs // Ford and Dirksen charge.


24.

LBJ with leading US into "frustration and failure" // Bobby Baker convicted of tax evasion and other charges // LBJ urges congress to pass tough Air Quality Act of 1967 // reports out of China indicate cultural revolution and "Red Guard" terrorism continue // Jack Ruby dies // legislature names Maddox as Georgia governor.

February 1967

Heyns and Cheit issue memo and statement on equal opportunity policies; Cheit says minority enrollment has increased by 50% since EOP started a year ago // College of Engineering reports that it is doing more than $5 million in research, most of it of direct benefit to California residents // Senator Eugene McCarthy talks on "New Directions for Liberals" in Wheeler Auditorium // Savio's application to re-enter Berkeley is withdrawn // UC economist recommends steps to stem gold flow from US // Berkeley establishes new geophysical observatory to study earthquakes near Hollister // joint UC-Egypt project to begin to x-ray pyramids in probe for hidden chambers // UC publication examines schemes for negative income tax // four-year study shows than nearly 40% of students possessing college ability don't enter college //

Reagan offers UC budget 29% less than original request; "cut, squeeze, and trim" is his slogan; he asks regents to use part of reserve funds; regents vote to accept most of cuts but put off decision on tuition.

Two marches in Sacramento to protest Reagan policies; first organized by UC professors and students; Reagan appears at second (organized by California Federation of Teachers) and is booed.

*** rumors of peace feelers denied by LBJ // LBJ calls for Safe Streets Act // National Student Association discloses it received $3 million from CIA for overseas activities; Ramparts article gives details; other groups then also linked to CIA // LBJ proposes broad legislation to protect consumers // Robert Oppenheimer dies in New Jersey // Walter Reuther quits AFL-CIO in split with Meany // D.A. James Garrison investigating alleged New Orleans conspiracy in death ofJFK.

March 1967

New "omnitron" accelerator invented by Berkeley scientists // a professional summer theater to be established on Berkeley campus // "funk art" exhibit planned for spring opening on campus // William L. C. Wheaton appointed Dean of the College of Environmental Design // engineering study recommends ways to reduce airport noise // plans for first state-supported summer quarter at Berkeley are announced // Berkeley (with 20 awards) again leads nation in number of Guggenheim Fellowships awarded to faculty // new contemporary natural science course modernizes teaching of science for non-science majors.


25.

Controversy over FBI access to student records in Registrar's Office and Cowell Hospital; charges by Jerry Rubin denied by Cheit, who calls it "tempest in a teapot"; but Cheit announces new policy with tighter controls.

*** Robert Kennedy criticizes US escalation of war, offers three-step peace plan // Arthur Goldberg returns from Asia, says chances for peace look slim // LBJ meets Vietnam leaders in Guam, joint pledge to continue fighting while seeking honorable peace // De Gaulle maintains small lead in French elections // hearing begins on Sen Thomas Dodd, accused of using campaign money for personal use // Jimmy Hoffa begins serving eight-year sentence.

April 1967

Kerr announces he will stay on faculty while he heads Carnegie Commission on Future of Higher Education // careful control of light helps Berkeley scientists gain new insight into photosynthesis // outstanding law officers to study for masters degrees at Berkeley in federally-sponsored program // Richard Holton appointed dean of schools of business administration // Professor Jensen criticizes US-sponsored Coleman Report for failing to account for influence of heredity on school performance // Barnaby Keeney of the National Endowment for the Humanities speaks at Charter Day exercises // $4.4 million Ford grant to Berkeley to streamline Ph.D. programs in social sciences and humanities.

Faculty-sponsored "extraordinary convocation" in Greek Theater; (28th) "to inform the people of California of the significance of the institution which they have created"; speeches by Earl Warren, John K. Galbraith, and Richard Hofstadter stress value of university and need to fight for its preservation; highly supportive crowd of about 13,000.

Article in alumni magazine describes Herb Jacobs's crowd counting formula; another article on “Berkeley's Button Industry” .

One-day largely hippie "happening" on Telegraph Avenue; crowd estimated at 1,500; no arrests // Spring Mobilization Rally and march.

Campaign to keep Ernest Becker, popular teacher who held temporary posts in sociology and anthropology, ends with decision by Vice Chancellor Connick and Dean Fretter; ASUC had offered to pay his salary; he later leaves for post at San Francisco State.

*** 500th US plane lost in war // massive anti-war "mobilization" marches in San Francisco (50,000) and New York (100,000 to 400,000) (15th); New York march led by King, who speaks along with McKissick, Carmichael, and Spock; King urges boycott of draft // Svetlana Aliluyeva, daughter of Stalin, defects to US (21st) // military junta seizes control in Greece // Westmorland says he's dismayed by unpatriotic acts at home // Soviet cosmonaut killed on landing.


26.

May 1967

Ford grant of $ 3/4 million funds Berkeley study of the sociology of criminal law // Professor Garff Wilson appointed to head Berkeley plans for 1968 University Centennial // 83% of doctoral students at Berkeley express satisfaction in survey with their academic experience // SDS-led march on Berkeley draft board.

Martin Luther King speaks on Sproul Hall steps (17th); sponsored by Interfraternity Council; Senators Charles Percy and Wayne Morse also speak during same week.

Black Panther group (organized last fall in Oakland by Huey Newton and Bobby Seale) appears with guns in state legislature.

Professor Tussman's experimental program completes first two-year cycle, is renewed for second two years.

Dick Beahrs, IFC president, is elected ASUC president for 1967-68.

*** LBJ rebukes King and other war protesters // big pro-war parade in New York // US and South Viet forces invade DMZ as "defensive measure" // LBJ calls for reform of campaign funding, says federal funds should pay for presidential campaigns // International War Crimes Tribunal meets in Stockholm; message from Bertrand Russell condemns US actions // U Thant fears "we are witnessing intial phases of World War III // Ky says he will run for president // World-Journal-Tribune folds in New York / one killed and two wounded at Jackson State College.

June 1967

Center for Chinese Studies receives nearly $1 million Ford grant to expand training and research in modern Chinese affairs // 8,500 students receive degrees at 104th UC commencement // $1 million gift from Zellerbach fund will aid new auditoriumtheater building (to be named Zellerbach Hall) // extremely low pressure wind tunnel ready for use by Berkeley engineers // Berkeley public health study aims to learn why Japanese-Americans live longer // forty students go to Washington for Berkeley's second Cal-in-the-Capital program // Walter Knight appointed dean of College of Letters and Science // William Bouwsma appointed vice chancellor-academic affairs // summer residence college on "The Modern City" opens near campus under sponsorship of BED.

US Supreme Court refuses to review convictions of FSM defendants.

Regents approve spending $1.3 million for purchase of three acres south of campus (area later known as "People's Park"); announcement says area has been "the scene of `hippy' concentration and rising crime"; old housing to be torn down and space to be used for new student housing, playing fields, and parking.

*** Israeli-Arab "Six-Day War" ends in victory for Israel // UN General Assembly in emergency session // LBJ and Kosygin meet in Glasboro, New Jersey on mideast question // highest US casualties reported, 313 killed in one week // China explodes


27.
H-bomb // Mexican-Americans raid New Mexico town // LBJ's first grandson born.

July 1967

UC survey shows high unemployment among young Negroes in Berkeley // Charles Townes, inventor of laser and maser and a Nobel laureate, will join Berkeley faculty as professor-at-large (later University Professor) // UC study recommends stricter rules of evidence in juvenile courts // new super steel developed Berkeley engineers combines high strength and ductility.

Vice President Hitch warns that UC can't remain a great university without new programs and improvements; also warns of legislature's attempt to divert overhead funds.

Heyns lists major damages to Berkeley programs from state budget cuts.

Regents in resolution introduced by Mrs. Hearst reaffirm policy that students are subject to discipline, including dismissal, for use or possession of drugs (including marijuana).

Professor Smale in Moscow blasts both US and Soviet foreign policy; (this later results in minor furor in congress about NSF funding for Smale).

*** rioting in Newark, N.J. (12th through 17th), 26 dead, 1,500 injured, 1,000 arrested // rioting in Detroit (23rd to 30th), bloodiest of year; 40 dead, 2,000 injured, 5,000 left homeless; LBJ sends in paratroopers // LBJ appoints (27th) special commission on civil disorders (headed by Governor Kerner); calls for National Day of Prayer for Peace and Reconciliation // fierce fighting at Conthein, south of DMZ, in Vietnam // Ky says he'll run for vice president on ticket headed by Thieu // fire on USS Forrestal kills 134 and injures 62 // De Gaulle says "long live free Quebec" on trip to Canada // court orders end to de facto segregation in Washington, D.C. schools // H. Rap Brown arrested on charges of inciting to riot.

August 1967

Dean Lohman of criminology says excessive reliance on repressive police measures won't reverse rise of crime, delinquency, and violence in America. // Heyns announces plans for year-long celebration of University Centennial at Berkeley // 90 judges attend first California College of Trial Judges at Berkeley's new Earl Warren Legal Center.

Regents in marathon meeting at UCLA vote down tuition in principle (14-7) but then approve a Reagan-backed proposal for student "charges" not to be called tuition.

*** LBJ says 10% tax surcharge needed // Sen Fulbright clashes with Attorney Gen. Katzenbach over meaning of Tonkin Gulf Resolution


28.
// Nazi George Lincoln Rockwell shot to death in Virginia Governor Romney says US involvement in Vietnam a tragic mistake // King calls for civil disobediance in northern cities and urges Negroes to repudiate war.

September 1967

3,000 freshmen attend "Cal Prep" orientation before new term opens // report says Berkeley faculty has completed action on all of Muscatine Report recommendations // report also notes that 20, tenured professors resigned in past year compared to 31 in 1965-66 and 25 in 1964-65 // nearly 400 students expected to participate this year in EOP (now largest program of its kind on any US campus) // two "Professors of Arts and Science" appointed to serve for year // Centennial Trail opens on campus // Professor Loy Sammet appointed vice chancellor for research // Senators Javits and Tower give opposing views on war in campus speeches.

Regents choose Charles J. Hitch to be UC President; to take office in January.

Marine Col. Roy Miller, giving orientation speech to NROTC freshmen, hit by lemon meringue pie.

*** Governor Romney charges he was "brainwashed" during Vietnam visit // McNamara says US will build fortified wall south of DNZ // LBJ urges gun control law // Thieu and Ky military slate wins in Vietnam elections, fraud charges by some // US planes bomb seven miles from China border // Brezhnev says Mao no longer a communist // Ford Motor Co. strike begins, followed by teacher strikes in Detroit and New York City.

October 1967

Sargent Shriver, head of OEO, gives address at University Meeting // new program in ocean studies begins in College of Engineering // colorful groundbreaking ceremony for new University Art Museum // Verdi's Macbeth performed by San Francisco Opera in Greek Theater // construction begins on new $3.8 million Moffitt Undergraduate Library // another book from Berkeley's prejudice studies shows most Negroes believe social and economic conditions are being improved // new graduate schools of journalism and public affairs at Berkeley approved by regents // Berkeley enrollment over "ceiling" for first time — 28,127.

Plans for Stop-The-Draft-Week demonstration at Oaklnd Induction Center stir campus and political controversy; Alameda Co. Supervisors get restraining order preventing UC from allowing organizing meeting in Student Union; Joan Baez arrest in Oakland sit-in.

With Student Union locked, all-night rally with "illegal" sound equipment held in Sproul Plaza (16th) before the demonstration.

Demonstrators take buses (17th) from campus to Oakland; repeated


29.
clashes between demonstrators and police in downtown Oakland; slogan is "Hell no, nobody goes"; crowds estimated between 5,000 and 10,000; first extensive use of chemical Mace; many injuries; 317 arrested (only 15 UC students); later, 71 students face discipline for campus rule violations.

Black Panther leader Huey Newton arrested in shooting death of Oakland police officer (28th); "Free Huey" demonstrations follow.

First issue of Rolling Stone comes off the press in San Francisco; launched by former Berkeley student Jann Wenner (18th).

Senator Eugene McCarthy speaks in Wheeler Auditorium (26th), calls for resignation of Dean Rusk; speech later seen as opening shot in McCarthy presidential campaign.

*** Thurgood Marshall sworn in as Supreme Court justice // seige of Conthien finally broken // Rusk warns of billion Chinese with nuclear weapons threatening rest of Asia // head of FDA says it's "debatable" whether marijuana more dangerous than alcohol // massive anti-war marches in Washington (21st and 22nd); 35,000 take part, clash in front of Pentagon, 647 arrested // Soviet probe lands on Venus, US craft in Venus fly-by on following day // Che Guevara killed (8th) by Bolivian troops // Isradli destroyer Elath sunk by Egyptian missiles // all-white federal jury convicts Mississippi Klansmen for murder of civil rights workers.

November 1967

Professor Jensen says disadvantaged children have different "pattern of abilities" and won't be helped by Head Start programs // Ansel Adams photos for centennial book displayed on campus // Berkeley demographer says understanding of social pressures needed to curb overpopulation // major study of rental housing patterns begun by business administration professor // more than 1,000 high school students attend University Day // colorful "paint-in" held on Barrows Hall construction fence // Berkeley study shows harmful effect of air ions on animal survival.

Cal beats Stanford in Big Game 26-3 and regains The Axe (already stolen earlier) on passing of Randy Humphries.

SDS-led picket at placement center prompts CIA and Dow Chemical to cancel interviews (although campus agrees to protect and keep open).

Dean Williams recommends suspensions for 11 of 71 cited students from Stop The Draft Week action; MAPS (Movement Against Political Suspensions) formed to protest discipline; gives "ultimatum"; "Jolly Roger" flag incident.

Heyns announces suspension for Reese Erlich and Peter Camejo until next Sept.; first of three "mill-ins" (Nov. 28th) in Sproul Hall; later, Camejo and Erlich elected to ASUC senate, election declared invalid and administration takes over financial control of ASUC.


30.

*** Black mayors (Stokes and Hatcher) elected in Cleveland and Gary; peace initiative rejected by voters in San Francisco // LBJ's handling of job approved by only 38% in poll // new draft law ends most student deferments; Gen. Hershey draws heavy criticism for telling boards to revoke deferments for anti-draft agitators // Corp. for Public Broadcasting established // Mrs. Kennedy visits Cambodia // first successful launch of (unmanned) Saturn 5 moon rocket.

December 1967

Earl Warren Legal Center dedicated on campus; Chief Justice Warren attends; major lecture series // Berkeley engineers find way to predict landslides // centennial exhibit opens at Lowie Museum // engineering professor tells how auto air pollution can be eliminated // Pacific Division of American Philosophical Association meets on campus.

Survey by National Academy of Sciences shows that Berkeley now leads all universities in US in Ph.D. degree production; 3,228 doctorates awarded at Berkeley in 1960-66 period.

Survey of Berkeley freshmen (AGE) shows they chose Berkeley mainly because of its academic reputation, are independent and deeply interested in studying mankind, not strongly motivated to earn a lot of money.

*** Dr. Christian Barnard performs first human heart transplant // Connally says McCarthy is stalking horse for Robert Kennedy // more stop-the-draft-week demonstrations (5th to 8th); Spock and Ginsberg among those arrested in New York // Cyprus crisis settled // King flees from Greece, junta appoints Papadapoulos as premier // Cardinal Spellman dies (2nd) // Linda Bird Johnson marries Capt. Robb.

1968

January 1968

Series of 20 lectures to explore roots and effects of crisis in Vietnam // major symposium on the present and future of Communist China // Berkeley study relates personality traits to smoking habits // national center proposed at Berkeley for earthquake engineering study // UC scientists discover new kind of exploding star.

Report on university governance issued (Jan. 10th) after year-long study by joint faculty-student committee; titled "The Culture of the University - Governance and Education" but known popularly as the "Foote-Mayer Report"; urges more student voice in campus planning and decisions, an independent campus judiciary, more autonomy for the campus and departments, break-up of College of Letters and Science.

Alex Sherriffs, former vice chancellor now on leave from Berkeley faculty, appointed Governor Reagan's special assistant for education.

Alameda Co. Grand Jury indicts seven leaders of Stop the Draft Week for felony crimes.


31.

Major "state of campus" report to Regents (19th); Heyns, Cheit, Boyd, Bouwsma, Sammet, & Smelser report (Boyd on "student subcultures").

Brief player revolt occurs after basketball coach Rene Herrerias suspends center Bob Presley.

54-day newspaper strike begins in San Francisco; KQED launches Newspaper of the Air on television headed by Mel Wax and William German.

*** Spock and others indicted for conspiring against the draft // American deserters given asylum for first time in Sweden // Eartha Kitt denounces war at White House luncheon // LBJ, in state-of-union address, again urges 10% surcharge tax // USS Pueblo seized by North Koreans (23rd) // Clark Clifford confirmed as Secy. of Defense // beginning of Tet Offensive (30th) by North Vietnam and NLF; 416 Americans killed; heavy fighting in Hue, which falls to communists.

February 1968

Professor Reeves named dean of school of public health // UC scientist awarded a medal of science by LBJ // G.E. gift to provide model television studio for new Lawrence Hall of Science // new case-study approach to teaching developed in College of Engineering // junior high students become "professors" in novel math teaching approach // UC poll shows support for Bay Area regional government // campus survey shows half of Berkeley students work to meet expenses, less than a quarter get substantial help from parents // Jean-Luc Godard to visit campus and launch film festival.

Budget battle boils again; regents request of $311 million for UC trimmed to $280 million by Reagan; faculty salaries said to be falling behind; Vice Chancellor Bouwsma:

"Education at Berkeley will be impaired by the budget proposed for next year. Campus efforts to help Californians with critical problems of health, urban unrest, and economic growth will also be impeded. The budget reductions, following the deep cuts imposed this year, endanger the quality of the University which has been so carefully built up over a century."
.

NROTC building (Callaghan Hall) is firebombed; elsewhere, a PG & E substation is bombed; other bombings follow in area during spring (including Berkeley Draft Board).

Charles Pengra, a sometime Berkeley student, stands naked (7th) on Sproul Hall steps holding a sign: "I am not obscene - the war is." (He is arrested).

*** Richard Nixon says he's a candidate for president (1st) // Wallace says he'll run for president on third party ticket // LBJ asks for $3.5 billion for education, including an Educational Opportunity Act // new law in effect eliminating graduate student deferments // U That says if US stops bombing meaningful talks on peace can begin // LBJ in Dallas (27th) says Tet Offensive failed and "there must be no weakening of will" in US // President's Commission on Civil Disorders (Kerner Commission) issues report on riots of 1967 (29th), says US


32.
"moving toward two societies, one black, one white - separate and unequal" // Governor Romney withdraws from presidential race.

March 1968

Centennial Charter Day observance held in Greek Theater; (Mar. 23rd) Earl Warren, Thurgood Marshall, and Roy Wilkins are principal speakers; Bank of America's Rudolph Peterson honored as alumnus of the year; other events include special lectures, music, and a tree planting // UC band makes concert tour of state // American Oriental Society meets on campus // Mayor Alioto of San Francisco speaks at law and politics institute on campus on theme of "Alternatives to Chaos" // Professor Jensen named to head long-range study of effects of full integration in Berkeley schools // student jazz quintet headed by Lee Schipper leaves on two-month of Africa sponsred by State Dept.

Pete Newell resigns as athletic director at Berkeley; Franklin Murphy resigns as chancellor at UCLA to take post with the Times-Mirror Corp..

Reagan appoints H. R. Haldeman and W. Glenn Campbell to the Board of Regents.

Bill Somerville claims he was "fired" as head of EOP program on campus.

PG & E tower bombed in Tilden Park (20th); power blackout on campus.

*** John Gardner resigns as HEW secretry, later replaced by Wilbur Cohen // Westmoreland named army chief of staff // international gold-buying panic; gold markets closed; two-price system emerges // letter from Pueblo crew says US must apologize to North Korea // ACLA says it will defend draft evaders // Eugene McCarthy wins 42% of vote in New Hampshire (against 48% for LBJ) (12th) // Robert Kennedy (16th) enters presidential race // LBJ makes surprise announcement that he won't seek reelection, will work for peace, halts most North Vietnam bombing (31st) // President Novotny forced to resign in Czechoslovakia (22nd); seen as end of Stalinism there.

(16th - Lt. Calley and others load attack on My Lai village resulting in murder of scores of civilians; details of action don't reach public until more than a year and a half later).

April 1968

Berkeley astronomers measure strange radio objects in space with unique "yardstick" // Berkeley scientists "mass produce" rare elements // John Summerskill, President of San Francisco State, speaks at Berkeley on universities as agents of social change // two faculty members dissent from majority on Foote-Mayer report // three "Professors of Arts and Science" appointed for next year // Berkeley again leads the nation in Guggenheim Fellowships for faculty // symposium on psychedelic drugs published in Boalt Hall's California Law Review // Vice Chancellor


33.
William Boyd to leave Berkeley and become president of Central Michigan University // Berkeley scientists report new findings on cloud seeding // UC space scientist discovers large-scale magnetic pattern on sun // three Berkeley faculty elected to National Academy of Sciences // Berkeley renews master's program for law officers // Carnegie grant to increase minority enrollment in School of Social Welfare // criminology study shows most suburban delinguency cases settled out of court // mayors of six major US cities to speak in series on campus // ASUC-sponsored symposium on protest to present Summerskill, Judge Talbott, Robert Scheer, Russell Kirk, and Regent Coblentz // Dean Joseph Lohman of criminology dies of a heart attack (26th) at 58 // survey shows dropout rate at Berkeley less than supposed; up to 55% finish here, another 15 to 20% finish and earn degrees elsewhere after starting at Berkeley.

Regents approve $100-per-quarter "registration fee" in lieu of tuition.

Attempt to hold International Student Strike Against the War, Racism, and the Draft fizzles at Berkeley but effective on some other campuses // Oakland police in shootout with Black Panthers; Bobby Hutton killed, Eldridge Cleaver wounded and arrested (6th).

*** Martin Luther King killed by assassin in Memphis (4th); wave of violence begins that reaches 125 cities; heavy rioting in Washington troops guard US Capitol // LBJ proclaims national day of mourning (7th) // King's funeral in Atlanta; upwards of 100,000 join march to cemetery (9th) // LBJ signs civil rights act banning racial discrimination in housing // seige of Khesahn lifted after 76 days // Operation Complete Victory launched to clean out communists around Saigon // major callup of US military reserves // McCarthy wins Wisconsin primary (2nd) // Humphrey announces he's a candidate (27th) // Rockefeller says he'll run // Svoboda becomes president of Czechoslavakia, Cernik becomes premier // Pierre Trudeau becomes Prime Minister of Canada // George Ball succeeds Arthur Goldberg as UN Ambassador // series of major riots begins (23rd) at Columbia University, led by Mark Rudd and SDS over plans to build gymnasium and ties to IDA; continues through May 1st; office of Columbia President Grayson Kirk ransacked; eventually 707 arrested (including 524 students).

May 1968

Centennial-Inauguration Week held on campus May 20-25; new $6 milion Lawrence Hall of Science dedicated with speech by Glenn Seaborg; Igor Stravinsky participates in concerts opening Zellerbach Auditorium (new $7 million structure still not finished, to be dedicated in fall); eminent scientists lecture on "A Century of Scientific Discovery" // convocation (24th) honors President Charles Hitch following his inauguration at UCLA; President Kingman Brewster of Yale speaks; Hitch promises a big program on "urban crisis" for UC system // James Farmer and Elijah Turnor added to speakers at ASUC's symposium on protest (7th to 10th) // alumni gifts to Berkeley reported at record high // law school adopts simplified grading system // fraternities at Berkeley report highest grade point average in history // Class of 1914 dedicates new fountain.


34.

"Vietnam Commencement" held in Sproul Plaza (17th) after verbal battle over use of facilities (Greek Theater denied) and whether event might violate selective service laws; sponsored by Campus Draft Opposition; Reagan says ceremony "would be so indecent as to border on the obscene"; Phil Ochs sings; speakers include Sterling Hayden, Dan Siegel, Robert M. Hutchins, and Professor Charles Sellers.

Charles Palmer elected ASUC president.

Cesar Chavez speaks on Sproul Hall steps in support of Robert Kennedy; announces plan for United Farm Workers (UFW) nationwide grape boycott.

*** student rioting begins in France (2nd) at University on Nanterre, continues throughout month; general strike follows; Sorbonne occupied on 14th; more than half of workers on strike by 24th; Daniel Cohn-Bendit emerges as leader // DeGaulle dissolves National Assembly (30th); blames communists for riots; sets national elections in June // Poor People's March on Washington (2nd) begins; led by Ralph Abernathy; later sets up "Resurrection City" near Capitol Mall // US and North Vietnam agree to begin peace talks in Paris (3rd); talks begin May 10 but quickly reach impasse // second Tet Offensive launched in Vietnam (5th); heavy shelling of Saigon // Black students seize offices at Northwestern University (3rd) // 200 students seize building at Stanford Univ.; protesting CIA recruiting (6th) // Rev. Daniel Berrigan and others invade draft board in Maryland (17th), destroy records // Rap Brown convicted of violating firearms act // McCarthy and Nixon are winners in Oregon Primary.

June 1968

Record number of 8.964 students graduate at commencement; Clark Kerr Award from Berkeley faculty awarded to Kerr // mixed job market reported for graduates // Chinese student from Hong Kong earns straight "A's" and wins University Medal // FSM freshmen are now graduating, hear baccalaureate address by Mr. Boyd // class gift is burlar-proof case for the Stanford Axe // big computer project to aid Bay Area planning begun by UC center // public health professor surveys professionals on when life begins // Kenneth Goode appointed assistant to Vice Chancellor Cheit // Paul Brechler appointed athletic director // 63 students in Cal-in-the-Capital // new Leuschner Observatory for student astronomers opened near Lafayette.

Four days of rioting on Telegraph Ave. following rally in support of French students; crowds estimated at 1,500 to 2,000; 218 arrests (including 23 Berkeley students); city-wide curfew; nine police injured (one burned by firebomb); Heyns says it "was not a student affair" (first large-scale street riot in Berkeley).

*** Robert F. Kennedy shot at Ambassador Hotel in L.A. after winning California primary; dies next day; Sirhan Sirhan arrested (5th) // Kennedy funderal in New York (8th) followed by train journey to Washington and burial in Arlington Cemetery; hundreds of thousands line the route // James Earl Ray arrested in London


35.
for murder of King // battle of Saigon continues // strikers and students battle police (7th) at Renault plant near Paris // police clear Sorbonne of students (16th) // De Gaulle wins big in French election (23rd), second victory in runoff (30th) // Earl Warren resigns as chief justice (26th) // Trudeau wins decisive victory in Canada (25th) // Helen Keller dies (1st) // McCarthy says he wouldn't back Humphrey (12th) because of Eumphrey's backing of Vietnam war // McCarthy wins more delegates than Humphrey in New York (18th) // Spock and others convicted of conspiring to counsel evasion of draft.

July 1968

Big summer program on campus to aid disadvantaged children and their families // 150 children attend student-sponsored Cal Camp // new education program to train ghetto school administrators // Robert L. Johnson appointed vice chancellor for student affairs // construction on begins on new $7 million mathematical sciences building (Evans Hall) // Professor Leonard Machlis appointed assistant chancellor for educational development // Berkeley and San Francisco scholars start project to learn how esthetic values can be measured // students in Berkeley experimental course aid young people in San Francisco Mission District // William Sherrill replaces Somerville as head of EOP program on campus // Heyns again warns of effects of budget cuts.

Campus entrance kiosk is bombed in wake of last month's rioting.

City Council votes to permit Peter Camejo and others to sponsor an all-day Fourth of July street fair on Telegraph Ave.; up to 15,000 attend largely hip celebration; no violence or arrests.

***Soviet pressure on Alexander Dubcek and liberalization in Czechoslavakia begins to build // US bombing resumes north of DMZ // total US deaths in Vietnam now 25,752 // starvation and war in Biafra reach peak, at least 6,000 dying each day // senate begins hearings on confirming Abe Fortas as chief justice // LBJ and Thieu confer in Honolulu; LBJ says he's determined to defend Vietnam while exploring every avenue for peace // Pope Paul issues encyclical against all forms of birth control except rhythm method // first Arab hijacking of Israeli airliner // heavy rioting (23rd and 24th) in Cleveland ghetto.

August 1968

Berkeley scholar describes new approach to teaching Black children in ghettoes // social science "crisis research team" organized on campus to study riots as they happen // Professor Andrew Billingsley appointed assistant chancellor for academic affairs // 1,500 new freshmen complete "Cal Prep" orientations // $ 1/2-million federal grant aids UC study on early life "indicators" in human development // second college for trial judges held at Earl Warren Legal Center // ethnic employee survey shows minority job gains on campus // summer


36.
conference on Urban Policy held on campus with HUD support.

Ten days of rioting and disturbances in south campus area in response to battles at Democratic National Convention in Chicago; 3,000 persons at one rally; 177 arrests; losses estimated at $400,000 in property damage; one police officer hit by gunfire.

*** Heavy fighting continues in Vietnam // Nixon and Agnew are nominated (8th) at Republican convention in Miami Beach // Humphrey nominated on first ballot at Democratic convention in Chicago (26th to 29th); McGovern and McCarthy lead fight for anti-war plank but are defeated; repeated clashes between police and demonstrators in streets; Mayor Dailey denounced for "Gestapo" tactics // LBJ says it's up to Hanoi to end war // French H-bomb exploded // more than 200,000 Soviet troops invade Czechoslovakia (20th); Dubcek says people should stay calm, give up reforms; world outcry over invasion.

September 1968

Professor Leitmann of engineering appointed (by the Academic Senate) as the first academic ombudsman on campus // $ 3/4 million Ford grant will expand law and society studies on campus // new program to increase enrollment of minority graduate students is announced; Professor Winthrop Jordan to head it // Alumni Association's Centennial Caravan begins three-month tour of California cities.

Campus announces an experimental course (Social Analysis 139X - Dehumanization and Regeneration in the American Social Order) (11th) to discuss problems of racism, poverty, and justice, and with Eldridge Cleaver as "principal lecturer"; course initiated by students (Rick Brown, Larry Magid, and Charles Webel) of Center for Participant Education (part of ASUC) working with four faculty (Profs. Dizard, Langer, Duster, and Sampson); approved for credit by Board of Educational Development (headed by Professor John Kelley).

Statewide furor follows "Cleaver Course" announcement; angry criticism from politicians, regents, newspapers, etc.; campus clarifies announcement, says Cleaver only guest speaker, won't have university appointment, no public funds involved.

Minority faculty and administrators join in statement accusing university of racism and tokenism, critical of handling of Cleaver controversy.

ROTC building (Callaghan Hall) is bombed again

Controversy over production on campus (in Aug.) of Ergo, a post-war German drama; Professor Hardin Jones complains of "rhythmic sexual thrustings" and obscene language; (Regents later direct chancellors to ensure good taste in campus productions)


37.
Full integration begins in Berkeley public schools; busing of children in grades K through 6 (first in US city over 100,000 population).

*** Soviet tanks pull back in Czechoslavakia, "preventive censorship" established, more reforms cancelled // Nixonstresses law and order as he pushes campaign, develops his "Southern Strategy" // Agnew apologizes for saying Humphrey is soft on communism // Agnew apologizes for calling reporter "fat Jap" // Humphrey campaigns for "politics of jov" // Mexican army seizes National University (23rd); 17 students killed in later clashes; army withdraws on 30th.

October 1968

Fall enrollment is 28,132 (but 2,000 eligible applicants were "redirected" to other campuses) // UC structural engineer urges bold steps to curb injury and damage in next major Bay Area earthquake // UC economist points out "structural worsening" in US labor market // Berkeley political scientist says Nixon is handling law and order issue in "faultless and skillful" way in his campaign // Berkeley economist says inflation is not "an absolute evil" to be attacked by reactionary economic policies // Family Day expected to draw over 4,000 parents to campus // Jewell Ross named temporary UC police chief; Frank Woodward on extended sick leave // Professor Ilchman wins $4,000 distinguished teaching prize from Danforth Foundation.

Professor Luis Alvarez wins 1968 Nobel Prize in physics (30th); becomes 11th Nobel winner on Berkeley faculty.

Controversy over "Cleaver Course" continues; regents in September had voted to limit guest lecturers to one appearance during term and to deny credit to 139X if it was not restructured to meet requirement; regents also censure those who approved course.

Academic Senate holds special meeting (Oct. 3rd) in Wheeler Auditorium; hears from Hitch and from Heyns (who warns against a belligerent posture); votes (688 to 114) to condemn regents action as a violation of academic freedom, to repudiate regents censure, to try to get regents actions nullified, and to encourage 139X sponsors to carry on with course either on or off campus; later, course begins to meet (but officially not for credit) // In later meetings, senato votes to ask registrar to grant credit to students who complete 139X (but he refuses under orders from administration); also votes to award senate's own degree to students who lack credit for graduation because of 139X denial; also votes to collect funds from members for court suit against regents (which loses in superior court many months later).

Sproul Hall sit-in protests denial of credit for 139X (22nd); 122 arrested including CPE leaders and Professor Charles Schwartz; no violence or damage.

Large rally (23rd) protests Sproul Hall arrests; march of about 1,500 (chanting "On campus, for credit, as planned")


38.
goes to chancellor's office, computer center, and Moses Hall; "Columbia-style" sit-in begins, dean of letters and science and others are trapped for a time; demonstrators erect barricades, scatter student record files, hang banners on building; police arrest 52 in the morning including leaders Jack Bloom, Paul Glussman, and Peter Camejo (who are initially charged with felonies); attempt afterward to mount a student strike appears to have little success.

Campus announces that it is now offering four Black Studies courses.

Brief sit-in outside President Hitch's office by Mexican-American Student Confederation (MASC) results in arrest of 14 (Oct. 14th).

*** Olympic Games in Mexico City; Black Power demonstration by some American athletes (12th to 27th) // LBJ withdraws Fortas nomination as chief justice; Earl Warren says he'll stay on until successor named // Wallace picks Gen. LeMay as running mate // Nixon tells hecklers that those who couldn't end war in four years shouldn't be given another chance // successful Apollo 7 flight launched // Soviets sign treaty with Czechs permitting Soviet troops to stay in country // Mrs. Kennedy marries Aristotle Onassis (20th).

November 1968

Berkeley archeologist awarded Peru's highest civilian decoration // campus symposiom on poverty attracts national leaders in Black Movement // Berkeley criminologist publishes book on college drug scene, sees use of marijuana and other drugs as "rapidly spreading movement" that society may not be able to reverse // former Senator Paul Douglas delivers Barbara Weinstock lecture on campus, calls for widespread development of cooperatives to protect American consumers // Berkeley's $15 million Centennial Fund Drive is formally opened; John McCone, Eugene Trefethen of Kaiser, and Rudolph Peterson of Bank of America are co-chairmen; funds will improve learning and make campus better for students; $7 million already collected // oldest pyramid in the New World discovered in Mexico by Berkeley anthropologist.

Regents vote new policy limiting use of guest lecturers in classes and requiring campuses to report on guest lecturers regularly.

Proposition 3, a $250 million bond issue mostly for higher education, loses in California election.

*** Nixon wins close election (5th) with 43.4% of popular vote // Thieu says South Vietnam won't go to Paris peace talks; later says it will // US charges North Vietnam with heavy troop and supply movements during bombing halt // wave of strikes and demonstrations against Russians in Czechoslavakia // UN Assembly votes against seating Red China // last of three massive teacher strikes ends in New York City // strike begins at San Francisco State College over Third World demands; leads to


39.
riots and closing of school for eight days.

December 1968

Education expert at Berkeley recommends eight steps to improve college teaching. // Berkeley report shows how all segments of society can be represented in a Bay Area regional government // Heyns announces plan to save redwood grove near new library // Charles Townes and others report discovery of ammonia molecules in space.

Controversy develops over a plan to establish a Black Studies department in the College of Letters and Science; student groups demand more voice in decision.

171 students disciplined for Sproul and Moses Hall sit-ins in October; seven dismissed from University; those punished required to pay $21,000 in restitution for damages.

Eldridge Cleaver is a fugitive from justice; failed to give final 139X lectures; wanted for parole violation in Oakland shootout; later turns up in Algeria and assumes role as head of international Black Panther Party.

Last structure removed from Dwight-Haste-Bowditch area south of campus purchased by UC; area used during winter as ad-hoc parking lot as campus delays plans for building a playing field.

***special panel of Commission on Violence labels Chicago covention demonstrations as a "police riot" // S. I. Hayakawa, now president of San Francisco State, reopens school, but boycott continues until March 20th // US combat deaths in Vietnam now total over 30,000 // heavy bombing of infiltration routes in Vietman // Agnew says gigantic federal establishment will be scaled down and wasteful programs revamped // Paris peace talks bog down over shape of table // Nixon presents all-white, all-male cabinet on TV // Nixon meets with Moshe Dayan // LBJ appeals for end of Nigeria-Biafra war // Commander Bucher and 82 crew members of USS Pueblo released by North Korea (22nd) after US signs apology (later repudiated) // Apollo 8 spaceship commanded by Col. Borman orbits moon 10 times; live views on television accompanied by Christmas message.

1969

January 1969

Berkeley political scientists condemn referendum procedure as "a kind of electoral roulette" // Edwin Bayley appointed dean of journalism school // program announced to increase off-campus recruiting of Spanish-surname employees // Zellerbach Playhouse opens with "ONeill" play // Berkeley students, staff, and faculty volunteers jogging for science in research by physical educ. professor // "air art" show opens in campus gallery // weekend science programs for public begin at Lawrence Hall of Science // Berkeley joins in setting up teacher education


40.
Center in San Francisco Mission District // IGS study at Berkeley recommends new regional agency to reduce earthquake hazard in Bay Area.

Reagan calls on legislature to "drive criminal anarchists and latter day fascists off the campuses" (7th).

Willis Shotwell appointed coordinator of campus rules and facilities; handles discipline cases (for next 41/2 years).

Fire bombings at several campus buildings cause minor damage in mid-month.

Fire destroys Wheeler Auditorium (evening of 22nd); loss initially estimated at $1.7 million (insurance settlement later is $800,000); police suspect arson, but investigation later yields no conclusive evidence.

Third World Liberation Front strike and demonstrations begin on campus (22nd); continue for 54 days; repeated episodes of violence; cries of "pigs off campus," "on strike - shut it down," "power to the people"; demand is for independent Third World College for Black, Chicano, Asian, and Native American Studies with large measure of student and community control.

*** series of protests and ricts on many campuses in US, mostly over demands for Black studies and more minority admissions; San Francisco State reopens Jan. 6th after three-week closing; protests at San Jose State, San Fernando State, Howard Univ., University of Massachusetts, Rice Univ., Penn State University // civil rights march in Northern Ireland by Roman Catholic students and others leads to clashes with Protestants and beginning of prolonged strife // Viet Cong free three US prisoners // Saturday Evening Post to cease publication // Morton Sobell released from prison // Nixon inaugurated; says we should "lower our voices" and promises to heed a request (on a little girl's sign during campaign) to "bring us together"; LBJ returns to Texas // Clay Shaw acquitted in alleged Kennedy conspiracy // first four-party peace talks begin in Paris.

February 1969

Berkeley again leads state in number of Woodow Wilson fellowships won by graduate students // plans announced to test structures with man-made earthquakes on new shaking table under construction at engineering research facility // Institute of Race and Community Relations to be established on campus // William P. Beall, Berkeley police chief for 21/2 years, named chief of UC police at Berkeley.

Third World Liberation Front strike and demonstrations continue throughout the month; classes continue and most are not heavily affected; several large scale confrontations between police and demonstrators; Governor Reagan declares a state of emergency;


41.
authorizes use of Highway Patrol on campus; as many as 200 police involved (including some National Guard troops on duty during Regents Meeting); Widespread use of tear gas; damage to many campus buildings; arrests total 179 (126 students); several arson and bombing attempts.

Regents vote hard-line policy on disruptions; call for immediate suspension of students caught in acts of violence.

Article by Professor Arthur Jensen on "How Much Can We Boost IQ and Scholastic Achievement?" appears in Harvard Educational Review (28th), later stirs widespread controversy over race and intelligence.

*** Rev. Paisley leads protest demanding resignation of Northern Ireland prime minister // Harvard faculty votes to drop academic standing for ROTC (joining Johns Hopkins, Fordham, Boston, Yale, and others) // Paris peace talks reported deadlocked // Nixon defends decision to build Sentinel ABM system // Peru seizes assets of International Petroleum Co. (ESSO subsidiary) // Nixon starts 8-day "working trip" to Europe, sees Pope Paul, Wilson, Kiesinger, De Gaulle and others // Arab terrorists attack Israeli airliner in Zurich; Israel retaliates with raids on El Fatah camps.

March 1969

Berkeley engineers aid in developing huge water lift over Tehachapi mountains // optometry alumni present spectacle bears to San Francisco zoo // Berkeley tops all universities in competition for new NSF pre-doctoral fellowships in mathematics // West Coast Conference on Higher Education meets on campus // Project LATINO begins in San Francisco Mission District // success reported in a new early childhood education program // IGS study urges saving of California's undeveoped land // a "clearing house" for health services research established at Berkeley.

Academic Senate (Mar. 4th) supports plan to set up an independent Department of Ethnic Studies (which might grow later into an independent college; Third World Liberation Front calls off further strike activity (14th) after leaders reach agreement with campus administration; Heyns appoints committee (26th) to advise him on choosing a chairman for the new department.

*** 10-day earth orbit of Apollo 9 tests lunar lander in flight 31 Soviet soldiers reported killed in China border clash Biafra counterattacks in war against Nigeria // right wing gains in Chile elections // post-Tet offensive ends in Vietnam; Nixon says the attack rules out cut in US troops "for the forseeable future" // James Earl Ray pleads guilty to assassinating Martin Luther King // Golda Meir becomes premier of Israel // Ayub Khan resigns as president of Pakistan // Eisenhower dies (28th); national mourning for 30 days


42.

April 1969

Berkeley demographer criticizes federal birth control programs for their approach to population control // Earl Warren era to be included in new five-year oral history project in Bancroft Library // Schools of Business Administration establish an Office of Urban Programs to give technical assistance in minority areas // Archibald MacLeish speaks at Charter Day ceremonies in Greek Theater (24th) // all eleven Nobel Prize winners on Berkeley faculty pose together for historic photograph // Berkeley demographer in Faculty Research Lecture predicts urban population at end of century will exceed present total world population ("barring a calamity and if present growth rate continues") // Berkeley tops all universities in NSF support grants for graduate traineeship program // 24 Berkeley professors receive Guggenheim Fellowships — more than twice as many an any other university // three faculty elected to National Academy of Engineering // Earl Warren speaks at international conference on human rights and racial discrimination // Ford grant to language researchers will help improve language skills of Black and Mexican-American children // space sciences research planned at Berkeley to analyze moon rocks for chemical clues to origin of life // anti-Semitism called danger to democratic system in Berkeley prejudice study // Berkeley department of demography will offer an expanded international training and research program.

Regents, after argument over rehiring of Herbert Marcuse at San Diego, take back a veto-power control over faculty hiring and promotions.

Berkeley Barb item (18th) invites everyone to build a park on University property at Dwight and Bowditch ("to be a cultural, political, freak out and rap center for the Western World"); instigators not identified (but later found to be Michael Delacour, Wendy Schlesinger, and others meeting at "The Red Square").

*** student mob of 300 led by SDS seizes building at Harvard University (9th); President Nathan Pusey calls in police; 37 injured and 200 arrested; three-day strike follows over demand to end ROTC and set up Black studies // brief violence in several cities on anniversary of King's death; Daley orders curfew in Chicago // 20,000 in anti-war march in New York City (5th) // US war deaths in Vietnam now top toll for Korean War // peace talks continue stalled in Paris // Nixon makes big cuts in federal budget // Lin Piao named successor to Mao at 9th party congress in China // Bernadette Devlin wins seat in Parliament, takes part in heavy street fighting in Belfast, later promises to "knock sense into Harold Wilson" // City College of New York (CCNY) closed (22nd) after Blacks and Puerto Ricans lock themselves inside gates demanding 50% minority enrollment (racial clashes follow after campus reopened May 6th; President Buell Gallagher resigns on May 9th) // De Gaulle resigns after losing referndum which he elevated to test of confidence.

May 1969

Berkeley psychologist finds that the most competent and responsible


43.
children tend to be offspring of authoritative parents // law institute explores "The Role of the University in Society" // community colleges join with UC on internship program stressing instruction for educationally disadvantaged // William Randolph Hearst Jr. is main speaker at annual meeting of Friends of the Bancroft Library // Scott Momaday, Pulitzer winning American Indian novelist, to join Berkeley faculty in the fall // Professor Gudde, California place name expert, dies at 80 // Jack Forbes offered (but declines) chairmanship of new ethnic studies dept. // concert by brass ensembles set for June 6th to dedicate preserved Wickson Redwood Grove.

Heyns announces (13th) that "People's Park" will be fenced; park planting and revelry have occurred during past three weeks; complaints from neighbors about noise and lack of sanitation.

"No Trespassing" signs posted around park (14th); they are immediately torn down.

Large assembly of police clear small group from park (15th) in early morning; chain-link fence erected; mass rally at noon in Sproul Plaza hears ASUC President-elect Dan Siegel ("let's go take the park") and marches toward park; repeated street battles throughout afternoon; about 74 injured on first day including 20 police officers; James Rector and others hit by police gunfire (some sheriff's officers using buckshot).

2,000 National Guardsmen on duty in Berkeley (16th); mass rally and marches.

James Rector dies (19th); he was a non-student from San Jose (former City College student) shot observing battle from a rooftop; also reported that Allan Blanchard, a young carpenter and painter, may lose eyesight from gunshot wounds; city under curfew as clashes continue; building damage on campus; clamor from public officials and others.

National Guard helicopter sprays CS gas over central part of campus (20th); mass arrest of 482 marchers near Shattuck Ave. (22nd) and overnight confinement at Santa Rita; Heyns says he can't control police but will urge restraint.

Emergency meeting of Academic Senate (23rd); big vote urges allowing experimental park, removal of fence and police, but Senate votes heavily against proposal urging removal of Heyns..

City curfew withdrawn (25th) after merchants complain; Heyns supports (29th) lease of park to city; city council also votes to support idea of lease.

Mass march and celebration on Memorial Day (30th) by 15,000 to 30,000 people; soldiers guard park but there is no violence; orgiastic evening party at "People's Park Annex" on BART land.

Berkeley Free Clinic established; provides some health services for Berkeley "street people".

Regents meeting at UCLA disrupted by protestors (15th); regents thereafter agree to hold all meetings at off-campus locations


44.
.

*** James Foreman launches campaign demanding $500 million in reparations from US churches and synagogues // Battle of Hamburger Hill in Vietnam; Ted Kennedy denounces it as "senseless" // Fortas resigns from Supreme Court after Wolfson payoff is revealed; Nixon appoints Warren Burger as Chief Justice // Nixon presents 8-point peace plan including withdrawl of major portion of foreign forces in a year // press purge launched in Czechoslavakia // Charles Evers elected mayor of Fayette, Mississippi // flight of Apollo 10 is successful rehearsal for moon landing // Yorty beats Bradley to win third term in L.A..

June 1969

Most powerful campus-based electron microscope in U.S. dedicated in College of Engineering // record 9,049 graduates honored as commencement (last held in Memorial Stadium); several hundred seniors walk out during exercises in protest of handling of People's Park and other issues // Berkeley complies with subpoena and gives Senator McClellan's subcommittee information on about 300 students (including information on arrests, discipline, and federal financial assistance) // annual alumni contributions to Berkeley at all-time high — 23% higher than last year // industrial relations institute sponsors conference on economic development in the minority community // Dr. John Lawrence tells of decade of success with atomic beam surgery // Berkeley physiologists to test effects of long space flight on a monkey // Donner Laboratory scientists develop new scanning instrument for detecting cancer.

Vice Chancellor Cheit to begin a one-year sabbatical leave on Sept. 1st.

Reagan ends state of emergency in Berkeley (3rd); regents vote against leasing People's Park (20th), instead direct campus to proceed with housing plans and to build interim playing fields and parking lots.

*** Nixon calls his critics "the new isolationists" // Nixon announces start of troop withdrawls from Vietnam, 25,000 to be pulled out by end of August // Pompidou elected president of France // Detroit policeman acquitted in Algiers Motel riot murder (during 1967 riot) // three Chicago policemen acquitted in beating of newsman at 1968 convention // US destroyer Evans cut in two by Australian aircraft carrier Melbourne; 74 dead // Rev. Daniel Berrigan and others convicted of destroying draft records.

July 1969

Alexander Calder's big statue, "The Hawk," installed in center of campus // results reported from jogging experiment // Berkeley-built spectrometers to seek evidence for life on Mars in two Mariner fly-bys // Berkeley project in Richmond helps high school students plan for health science careers // IGS study urges law changes to allow more Californians to vote // William Sherrill appointed admissions officer // Professor James Hart appointed head of Bancroft Library.


45.

Regents grant Heyns a three-month leave; Vice Chancellor Connick to be acting chancellor in his absence.

Dan Seigel placed on disciplinary probation for one year, disqualified from serving as ASUC president (10th); coroner's jury rules Rector's death was justifiable homicide (11th).

Campus announces plans to build playing fields and parking lots on People's Park; plans for a Northside Student Center are dropped.

*** Melvin Laird says combat has dropped to lowest level of the war // Tom Mboya assassinated in Kenya // Dr. Spock's conviction reversed in appeals court // Apollo 11 launched (16th); lunar module lands on moon (20th); Neil Armstrong is first man to walk on moon; astronauts return to earth (24th) // Senator Kennedy's car goes off bridge at Chappaquiddick; Mary Jo Kopechne found dead; Kennedy waits 10 hours before reporting (later pleads guilty to leaving scene of accident) // Nixon on world tour spells out new foreign policy stressing self-help for Asian nations and willingness to negotiate with communists; visits Romania.

August 1969

Professor Raleigh appointed vice chancellor for academic affairs // nearly 500 attend Association for Education in Journalism on campus // 64 California judges attend third College of Trial Judges on campus // professor of business administrtion recommends converting nation's deteriorating railroads into network of "public highways" // Berkeley students tutor Oakland children to overcome language problems // second phase of massive health study of Japanese-Americans to begin // IGS study predicts that two-thirds vote rule for bond elections will be struck down in courts // fund raising campaign begins to help campus EOP; Reagan had vetoed funds earlier; needed to help 1,150 students in fall.

*** more US troops leave Vietnam, but action picks up and total US deaths reach 37,938 // Green Beret commander and seven others arrested for killing Vietnamese spy (case dropped in Sept. after CIA refuses to let its agents testify) // heavy fighting in Northern Ireland; British troops sent in; Devlin arrives in US // Nixon nominates Clement Haynsworth to Supreme Court; storm of protest follows over nominee's alleged anti-liberalism and conflicts of interest // France devalues the franc // Philip Blaiberg dies; longest surviving heart transplant // Alpha Company refuses to attack in Vietnam; Army decides not to file charges // Sharon Tate and others murdered in bizarre tragedy in L.A..

September 1969

Professor Frank Barron receives prestigious Richardson Creativity Award // librarianship students to experiment with new computer tie-in equipment // UC helicopter at White Mt. reported on many "angel of mercy" missions // landscape architects at Berkeley prepare model report on preservation of a Marin Co. valley.


46.

Aaron Wildavsky appointed dean of the graduate school of public affairs // moon rock on public display at Lawrence Hall of Science (26th); first lunar material exhibited in California; draws over 22,000 visitors in first three days (total reaches 58,300).

Department of Ethnic Studies opens on campus with courses in four divisions.

Students of Berkeley, Inc. established; student-owned record store and other enterprizes linked to ASUC.

First on-campus day care for children of students initiated through ASUC.

International Society for Krishna Conciousness establishes Berkeley temple; pink-robed dancers chanting "hare krishna" become regular scene at campus entrance.

*** Ho Chi Mihn dies (3rd) // US ambassador kidnapped in Brazil, released three days later // "Vietnamization" produces lower US casualties, higher South Vietnamese toll // Senator Dirksen dies // big Israeli raid across Suez Canal // Kosygin and Chou En-lai meet at Peking airport // German elections result in standoff; Willi Brandt maneuvers for control (wins in Oct. and becomes chancellor) // Dubcek excluded from Czech presidium // Chicago 8 trial begins before Judge Hoffman; Seale, Hayden, Rubin, Davis, and others; disturbances in Chicago and elsewhere by "Weatherman" faction of SDS // Father Groppi jailed after leading march on state capitol in Wisconsin.

October 1969

National Housing and Development Law Project launched at Earl Warren Legal Institute with OEO grant // total fall enrollment is 28,088 (but 2,600 more were "redirected" to other campuses) // Ford grant aids pioneering Berkeley project to train minorities for union leadership // Davis Hall, new civil engineering building, dedicated on campus // public health school starts program to train nurses to become family health practitioners // more than 100 Berkeley professors volunteer for enrichment program in East Bay public schools; program started by Professor Diamond of anatomy // several thousand alumni and parents attend Family Day .

Graduate Student Council with broad advisory powers is set up on campus.

Playing field and parking lots completed at People's Park site; campus announces that parking lot will be leased to minority enterprise.

Acting Chancellor Connick turns down request to cancel classes on Vietnam Memorial Day; moratorium event draws crowd of about 1,500.

*** First day (9th) of no US combat deaths in Vietnam // AWOL marine hijacks plane from California to Rome // Nixon announces that


47.
General Hershey will leave post // Moratorium Day observed in several cities; massive demonstrations; Mrs. King leads march of 30,000 past White House // peace talks still stalled in Paris // Supreme Court orders immediate integration of schools // Maynard Jackson elected vice mayor of Atlanta /. Black students revolt at Vassar, seize administration building.

November 1969

California Economic Forecasting Project on campus predicts "slowed but persistent economic growth" in 1970 // Berkeley study shows patterns in fake suicide phenomena // two students arrested for using chemistry lab to manufacture amphetamines // special program for women science dropouts held on campus Berkeley student, a Navajo Indian, starts tutorial project for Indians in Oakland // Berkeley engineers using scanning electron microscope achieve first photographic mapping of complete nerve linkage between cells // a new reading and study skills service opens on campus // Berkeley student is co-author of educatin study issued by Nixon // four-day briefing session for science writers from throughout US held in Berkeley; co-sponsored by UC's LRL; several Berkeley campus participants.

Second Viotnam Moratorium Day; crowds up to 2,000 attend.

Regents vote to abolish state-supported summer quarter in economy move.

*** Lindsay reelected mayor of New York City // Agnew attacks "biased" TV news in Des Moines speech // heavy communist attacks in Vietnam "test" strength of Saigon troops // Apollo 12 launched for second moon landing and exploration // M-Day anti-war rally in Washington draws biggest crowd of 250,000; sponsored by New Mobilization Committee; rally in San Francisco draws 60,000 to 175,000 // first SALT talks begin between US and USSR // Commission on Violence urges $20 billion program to prevent cities from becoming armed campus // Solzhenitzin expelled from writers union in Russia // Army reveals it is charging Lt. Calley with civilian murders at My Lai in 1968; story of massacre begins to unfold // group of American Indians occupies Alcatraz Island.

December 1969

Heyns, back from leave, notes that Berkeley's EOP program is still largest in nation // ethnic studies dept. completes first quarter; enrolled 758 students in 34 courses // two business admin. professors say corporate system in danger if corporations don't respond faster to changing social environment // Berkeley business scholar urges Area Wage Boards for post office department // new Indian Trail opens in Botanical Garden // Berkeley scientists describe a "protein clock" that indicates man and apes evolved from common ancestor only five million years ago // visiting prof. at Berkeley wins $10,000 award for gifted teaching from Danforth Foundation


48.
Professor Starkman appointed to serve on Nixon's task force on air pollution.

*** first draft lottery held since World War II // Secy. Roger's plan for mideast peace rejected by Israel and Egypt // George Sams pleads guilty to murder of Alex Rackley in New Haven; says Seale ordered him to do it // Fred Hampton and Mark Clark, Illinois Black Panther leaders, killed by police in raid // Charles Manson and four others indicted in Tate murders in L.A. // 75 Black students suspended at Harvard after occupying dean's office // Devlin sentenced to six months in jail // Britain ends capital punishment // Dubcek named ambassador to Turkey // Agnew leaves on trip to Asian nations // Rolling Stones in concert near Altamont Speedway.

1970

January 1970

Black Experience Week presented on campus by Afro-American Studies // Berkeley space scientist reports evidence that surface of Mars has vast "continents" and basins // Berkeley scientist discovers three light-triggered reactions in first steps of photosynthesis // educational "urban task force" recruited for special inner-city teaching program // Sloan grant program will help Schools of Business Administration increase minority enrollment at Berkeley // evidence that sun was once "stormier" reported by Berkeley physicist // 250 top high school science students to attend symposium on campus.

Agreement signed after long negotiation returning financial control of student programs to the ASUC.

Heyns announces that Harry Edwards will join faculty in sociology President Hitch announces plans for a university-wide "clean air" crash program.

Special commission tells the regents that student newspapers should have more freedom.

*** FBI's Hoover warns that Black hate groups continue to fan flames of riot and revolution // Joseph Yablonski. UMW official, and his wife and daughter found murdered // FBI tapes reveal Mafia conspiracy // Israel launches heavy air attacks against Egypt // Biafra surrenders and war with Nigeria ends // Nixon in state-of-union address calls for stepped-up fight against crime, inflation, and pollution; says peace prospects are "much greater".

February 1970

Professor Rubin discovers an "overgrowth factor" in cells infected with cancer virus // jazz bands from 38 high schools play in annual Stage Band festival on campus // a "constitutional convention" to debate future regional organization in the Bay


49.
Area held on campus // Berkeley engineers devise improved method for measuring stresses in underground rock formations // new study of student financial support shows that more than half receive help from parents but that more than three-quarters also must depend on other sources of income // 1,500 students from 120 high schools attend Model UN sessions on campus // thirtieth anniversary of discovery of carbon-14 commemorated on campus // university-industry conference sponsored by electrical engineering discusses latest advances in technology // nation's first Ph.D. program specializing in architectural research begins at Berkeley.

Regents finally vote for tuition but call it an "educational fee"; undergraduates to pay total fee of $450 in 1970-71, $600 in 1971-72.

*** pre-trial hearings begin in New York City on Black Panther terrorism charges // southern senators demand ban on compulsory busing // armed clash in Jordan between king's troops and Palestine guerillas // Nixon submits proposal for control of air and water pollution // five of "Chicago Seven" (original eight minus Seale) found guilty of crossing state lines to incite riots // two nights of rioting (25th and 26th) near UC Santa Barbara campus; Bank of America burned; Wm. Kunstler addresses students // Pompidou visits the US.

March 1970

Two student members of discipline committee say campus discipline against protestors has been effective, through, and "reasonably efficient" // Berkeley space scientist predicts shape of halo that will surround sun during eclipse // criminology study shows law officers make minuscule use of physical evidence in solving crimes // first students recruited six years ago in faculty-sponsored Special Opportunity Scholarship program are about to graduate; program has been a model for "upward bound" projects at many campuses // Berkeley public health professor says teenagers who fail to "conform" may be acting normally in a society flawed with contradictions // Berkeley tops all other universities in Sloan fellowships for young science professors.

Arson fire in Main Library reading room; damage estimated at $222,000.

*** mob attacks school buses in Lamar, S.C.. // blast levels a townhouse in New York; Diana Oughton and two others killed; believed to be members of the Weathermen; other bombings during the month in New Mexico, Maryland, New York, Pittsburgh, and Wisconsin // fierce fighting reported along Cambodian border // additional charges brought against officers in My Lai massacre // Dubcek expelled from Czech communist party // Sihanouk deposed in Cambodia; Lon Nol takes over // walkout in New York sparks massive nationwide postal strike.

April 1970

Berkeley astronomer discovers new and powerful source of x-rays


50.
in deep space coinciding with a peculiar "radio galaxy" // Centennial Fund Drive completed for Berkeley; total tops $16 million (goal was $15 million); funds used for student financial aid, Zellerbach Hall, and teaching innovations // bequest of $10 million, largest in history of the campus, received from estate of Beatrice Robbins for study of canon law // public health study of hundreds of normal babies aims to find early clues to causes of obesity // three major symposia on environmental quality held on campus // Berkeley again tops all universities in number of Guggenheim fellowships awarded to faculty // Berkeley engineering study solves insect communication mystery // cancer epidemiology research program launched in Berkeley's school of public health // correlations between air pollution and death from heart disease and stroke reported from Berkeley public health research // campus reported making good progress in solving its own pollution problems // big three-day environmental teach-in held on campus in connection with national Earth Day observance // 400 Chicano law students from throughout US meet at Berkeley to organize La Raza National Law Student Association // Berkeley engineer warns of "tragic ecological consequences" for San Francisco Bay if waste management is not improved // discovery of element 105 announced at Berkeley's LRL; to be named hahnium // four on Berkeley faculty elected members of National Academy of Sciences; Berkeley continues to be second only to Harvard in total membership // mobile eye examination clinic planned by Berkeley's school of optometry // 1,135 students now enrolled in ethnic studies courses; 50% increase since fall term.

Mayor Lindsay of New York speaks at Charter Day exercises in Greek Theater and receives a Berkeley Citation (after regents had denied campus request to award him an honorary LL.D.); persistent heckling mars the ceremony.

PG & E tower bombed in campus hill area; power cut off to campus.

SDS leads series of disruptive anti-ROTC demonstrations; "US Out of Southeast Asia - Rotsee Must Go"; crowds up to 1,500; "trashing of campus buildings; campus state of emergency lasts for five weeks; 250 arrested (including 84 students); Chief Beall issues statement defending use of CS gas as safe and humane way to control riots.

*** spring offensive launched by communists in Vietnam // 50,000 in pro-war "March for Victory" in Washington led by Rev. Carl McIntire // Carswell appointment to Supreme Court rejected by Senate; Nixon then nominates Harry Blackmun // Apollo 13 launched for moon; returns after 56 hours because of oxygen tank rupture // moratorium demonstrations (15th) draw small crowds // Kevin Moran, UC Santa Barbara student, killed in police gunfire as he tries to stop riot // Earth Day (22nd) draws big crowds in many cities // Yale University students in sympathy strike (21st) for Black Panthers; President Brewster says he doubts Black revolutionaries can get fair trial in US; Agnew says Brewster should be fired // Nixon orders invasion of Cambodia (30th); aimed at destroying sanctuaries and supposed headquarters of all communist forces // sit-in at Stanford University erupts in violence (30th); behavioral science center firebombed;


51.
scholars' work destroyed // governor orders National Guard troops to Ohio State University to quell disorders (30th).

May 1970

Berkeley engineers develop new and superior method for measuring blood flow in humans // Berkeley business scholar says western companies' control of international oil resources being eroded by political unrest and tide of nationalism // seven Berkeley professors elected to American Academy of Arts and Sciences // labor secy. George Schultz to speak at UC industrial relations conference // new infectious agent called "Buttonwillow virus" discovered by Berkeley scientists in San Joaquin Valley // Berkeley optometry team develops a computer-assisted eye examination technique.

Mass meeting in Greek Theater held in response to US invasion of Cambodia (May 6th); calls for violent response are rejected; "reconstitution" plan to organize campus against war proposed by Professor Sheldon Wolin and cheered by huge crowd.

Reagan announces (6th) that all California campuses will be closed rest of week; widespread organizing activity in departments and classes; Heyns permits some flexibility in rescheduling classes and examinations; demonstration remains peaceful despite violence on other campuses; mass turnout on Saturday rings entire campus with lines of demonstrators.

Survey finds about one-third of students not attending class; students launch extensive community activity directed at aiding anti-war candidates in primary election; later, this draws heavy criticism from legislators and regents for allowing "politicizing" of the university.

Academic Senate votes to condemn the war; also votes to withdraw credit from ROTC courses (but President Hitch later says ROTC vote has no validity).

Plans for large Berkeley commencement are cancelled; instead, departments are urged to hold individual commencements.

*** four students are killed by National Guard (4th) in confrontation at Kent State University in Ohio; 400 colleges and universities suspend classes in nationwide student strike; Nixon talks tough at first, calls students "bums"; but later asks administration to cool rhetoric // two students killed and 10 injured in police attack at Jackson State College in Mississippi (14th) // hard hat workers beat up student protestors near City Hall in New York City (4th); later (20th) hard hat workers and others totalling 150,000 parade in New York in support of Nixon // Black engineer elected mayor of Newark // Chavez union wins first contracts from grape growers // appeals court orders new trial for Huey Newton // earthquake devastates large areas of Peru (31st) // Nixon (8th) promises all US troops will be out of Cambodia by end of June.


52.

June 1970

Wendell Stanley is president of international cancer congress; tells delegates that new discoveries may lead to precise understanding of molecular mechanisms of cancer // Berkeley scientists show how a chemically-induced "mistake" can affect genetic information in cells and produce mutations // Heyns elected vice chairman of the National Science Board // outdoor biology program for children offered at Botanical Garden // major report issued by Academic Senate subcommittee describes status of women in Berkeley's academic life and recommends steps to achieve equality // Pacific Division of American Association for the Advancement of Science meets on campus // IGS report by Berkeley planning expert recommends bold program to preserve metropolitan open space for the Bay Area // Berkeley scientists develop new method to analyze both quantity and quality of protein in grains // Berkeley engineering students develop entry for nationside Clean Air Car Race // international symposium and mathematics and statistics held at Berkeley // political science study shows public opinion polls supporting US role in war may be misleading // Professor Koshland reports discoveries showing how enzymes work to speed up chemical reactions // Berkeley's marching band leaves for Japan, to be official US musical representative at Expo-70 in Osaka // Robert F. Kerley appointed vice chancellor for administration at Berkeley // Professor David Templeton named dean of college of chemistry at Berkeley // applications for graduate study at Berkeley are 25% higher than a year ago.

In California primary election: Proposition 1, a $246 million bond issue for health sciences construction at UC campuses, loses in statewide vote; Reagan and Unruh are nominated to head tickets in November; Ronald Dellums beats Jeffrey Cohelan to win Democratic nomination for congress.

"Reconstitution" effort winds down with promise to return with stronger effort in fall; survey finds 78% of classes met normally, no more than six classes failed to meet altogether; Heyns concerned about "a greatly exaggerated public impression" of what happened.

Heyns bans SDS as registered organization for repeated rules violations (especially anti-ROTC activity in April).

Regents vote (19th) against reappointing Angela Davis as acting assistant professor at UCLA.

Leigh Steinberg takes over as ASUC president; (resigns in September after disclosure that another student took an examination for him).

*** fierce fighting along DMZ in Vietnam // Elliot Richardson appointed Secy. of HEW; Finch becomes a White House counsellor // Nixon appoints commission headed by Governor Scranton to investigate campus disorders and recommend solutions // Conservatives win in Britain; Heath is prime minister // heavy rioting in Northern Ireland after Devlin is jailed // communists free three US newsmen in Cambodia.


53.

July 1970

Berkeley astronomy team reports mysterious "sudden events" in light flashes from a pulsing star // Berkeley epidemiologist says changes in nation's social climate may be needed to stem alarming rise in heart disease // 69 judges attend trial judge college on campus // famous teacher offers unique class in fencing and stage fighting during summer term // teacher education programs achieve maximum 10-year reaccreditation at Berkeley // high school science supervisors learn astronomy at close hand in visit to Berkeley's radio observatory .

Regents direct president and chancellors not to make any change in credit for ROTC.

*** Nixon warns conflict in Middle East could lead to collision between US and USSR // Nasser accepts US plan for 90-day cease fire while UN tries to work out peace plan; later, Israel also accepts the terms // new liberal abortion law takes effect in New York // racial riots in Lawrence, Kansas, and smaller cities in New Jersey and Indiana // Mitchell announces 52 desegregation suits against southern school districts // Hoover warns against Black Panthers and Weathermen // grand jury in Detroit indicts 13 Weathermen in bomb plots // Chavez announces end of 5-year grape boycott.

August 1970

Berkeley demographer says cigarette smoking is main cause for ending trend toward greater life expectancy among men in western countries // Berkeley chemical engineer shows how sea water can be used to remove sulfur oxides from smokestack gases // Berkeley historians launch study of history of black-white relationships in US.

Campus takes possession of two old buildings on north side; later, minor controversy erupts over plans to demolish building known as "Hearst Castle," which has been used as a "crash pad" and meeting place.

*** US "interdiction" flights against supply lines in Vietnam // Nixon says Manson is guilty; later retracts it as highly publicized trial gets under way in L.A. // Judge Harold Haley and three others killed in shootout (7th) after kidnapping in Marin County Superior Court; guns later traced to Angela Davis; she is placed on "10 Most Wanted" list // Rev. Daniel Berrigan seized by FBI after being fugitive from jail for four months // Agnew on another trip to Asian nations // explosion kills young scientist in Army laboratory at University of Wisconsin // reporter Reuben Salazar killed in L.A. riot.

September 1970

Young Berkeley scientist discovers a mutant virus that can switch living cells to cancerous state and back to normal as a result of heat changes // Berkeley chemist discovers way


54.
to induce tobacco plants to synthesize "false" nicotine compounds // Berkeley engineers report plans for a sanitized "poultry factory" that could operate in an urban setting // Berkeley-based survey of US college seniors finds widespread disillusion over war and willingness to endorse confrontation politics // new public health projects at Berkeley will study cancer risks from oral contraceptives and incidence of illegitimate births in California // seismographic station establishes a tape-telephone service to disseminate earthquake information rapidly to news media // a Black Cultural Center being established on campus // new Moffitt Undergraduate Library opens on campus.

*** Salvador Allende wins presidential election in Chile // Palestine commandos hijack four airliners, hold passengers hostage // B-52 raids near Laos; lowest US casualty figures reported in 41/2 years // Agnew begins campaign tour; hurls tough political rhetoric // civil war erupts in Jordan // Scranton Commission issues report; places blame for campus violence on students, lawmen, and politicians; calls on Nixon to reconcile moral leadership // Nasser dies in Egypt (28th).

October 1970

School enrichment program begins second year with 100 professors volunteering to visit elementary and high school classes // Professor Shen of chemical engineering wins $25,000 award from Dreyfuss Foundation for outstanding teaching and research // another book from Berkeley's prejudice study, this one on right-wing movements, warns that American population is "highly vulnerable to political extremism" // California economic forecast in business administration predicts high rate of unemployment in 1971 despite modest expansion in state's economy // Carl Mack Jr. appointed chairman of ethnic studies // report on EOP at Berkeley shows that after four years it now aids 1,350 minority students with budget of $3.1 million and that graduate minority program aids another 600 students with budget of $2 million; programs still believed to be largest of their kind on any American campus // fall enrollment is 28,525, second highest in history of the campus // California Data Project established at IGS in Berkeley; will utilize data from Mervin Fields's California Poll to analyze political and social trends.

*** US combat deaths in Vietnam now total 43,824 // Nixon in national TV address offers ceasefire in place and international peace conference; says half of US troops to be withdrawn by spring // court upholds 18-year-old vote // bombs damage Santa Barbara armory, San Rafael courtroom, and University of Washington ROTC building // political kidnappings by Quebec separatists in Canada // Sadat becomes president of Egypt // Scranton Commission says Kent State shootings unwarranted, but also blames students // grand jury indicts students but clears guardsmen in Kent State case // Angela Davis arrested in New York // Nixon, on campaign tour, is target of rocks and eggs in San Jose; later denounces "thugs and hoodlums".


55.

November 1970

Berkeley's new $4.6 million University Art Museum opens with colorful ceremonies, an art "happening," concerts, lectures, and three major art shows; largest museum on any American campus wins nationwide acclaim // Kwakuitl tribe carver from British Columbia demonstrates his craft at Lowie Museum of Anthropology // Berkeley economist warns that auto industry may not comply with smog-control regulations // IGS establishes a Census Service Facility to process 1970 census tapes and make data available to scholars and public officials // two genes that normally direct the synthesis of two separate enzymes are fused in laboratory achievment reported by virus researchers at Berkeley // Berkeley political scientist warns that US military and diplomatic resources can no longer protect interests of giant oil companies in the Middle East // survey shows that more than half of Berkeley students now live on their own or with other students in private homes or apartments.

Heyns announces that he will resign and leave no later than June 30 to return to teaching post at Michigan.

Newsweek cover story says UC still "where things happen first"; finds campuses strong but deeply troubled by funding cuts and political buffeting.

*** Reagan re-elected over Unruh (3rd) by about half a million votes; UC not a major issue in governor's race; Riles beats Rafferty (who continued to hit "campus mess" issue) and Tunney wins over Murphy in senate race // mixed results nationally in election; both parties claim victory; Democrats gain seats in house but lose two in senate // Cambodian troops fight off heavy attacks // Angela Davis indicted on murder and other charges // Charles De Gaulle dies (9th) // Ky visits US, says he's ex-hawk turned dove // Nixon fires Walter Hickel, later appoints Rogers Morton at interior dept. // FBI's Hoover reveals alleged plot by Berrigans and others to kidnap high US official (later said to be Kissinger) // Pope Paul attacked by knife-wielding assailant in Manila // Red China loses in UN vote but US position softens // fruitless US raid on Sontay prison camp near Hanoi.

December 1970

New law seminars aided by Ford grant will probe legal aspects of genetics and population problems // four doctoral candidates now working on dissertations in field of ethnic studies // unique environmental television simulator system developed in Berkeley city planning studies // three Ford grants aid Berkeley programs aimed at increasing food production in Asia, Africa, and Latin America // business scholars report that Black colleges are not receiving their "share" of private philanthropy // Kenneth Pitzer to return to Berkeley faculty after serving as president at Stanford and at Rice University // electrical engineering students aid minority high school students in volunteer project to prepare them for professional study // Berkeley physicist says high-speed trains held above the ground by magnetic levitation are "well within range of technical feasibility"


56.
.

*** North Vietnam rejects US proposal for Red Cross insepction of prison campus // prosecution rests in Calley court martial // Nixon appoints Connally to be Secy. of the Treasury // secret trial of Soviet jews on hi jacking charges stirs international protest; JDL starts campaign to harrass Soviet embassy in New York // Senator San Ervin accuses the Army of widespread spying on politicians and other civilians // Israel agrees to rejoin peace talks // Gomulka regime toppled in Poland after rioting over food prices.

1971

January 1971

New national survey of major graduate institutions conducted by the American Council on Education (released Jan. 3rd) shows Berkeley again ranks higher in more fields than any other university; rated on quality of faculty and graduate programs; Newsweek story is headlined "Still No. 1".

Two massive but previously undetected galaxies "right in our own galactic neighborhood" discovered by Berkeley-led astronomy team // Early Childhood Education Program charts new internship approach to teacher training // industrial relations conference probes relations between employee organizations and public agencies // Berkeley professors present analysis of faculty salary situation; UC actually 13.1 per cent below comparison universities; UC's academic standing "bound to deteriorate" if competitive position not restored // campus crime rate ("part I offenses") dropped 10 per cent in 1970, Chief Beall reports // special business seminar to be held on "The U.S. Multinational Firm" // 1,800 high school students to participate in Stage Band Festival // Professor Lerner says America's "administered recess on" can be conquered by improved wage-price guidelines and inducements for workers to relocate.

ASUC and student associations on other UC campuses hire lobbyist to represent student interests in Sacramento.

Regents vote strict guidelines (Canaday resolution) for campus newspapers.

*** Army drops charges against some accused in My Lai massacre; by end of month only Calley and two others still charged // court orders halt to DDT use // Rev. Phillip Berrigan and five others indicted on Kissinger kidnap charges // Apollo 14 launched; puts third US team on moon // Senator Russell dies // Nixon, in state-of-union address, calls for a "new revolution" including revenue sharing and overhaul of welfare // Manson group found guilty; given death sentence.

February 1971

Berkeley physicists say they are still unable to find a quark // 24 former welfare recipients in Work Incentive Program training for jobs in new art museum // campus health and safety office and student volunteers lead efforts to help birds survive after huge oil tanker spill in San Francisco Bay // Berkeley demographers report says most white American adults still opposed


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to fully legalized abortion (but some attitudes are softening) // 1,500 delegates attend High School Model UN on campus // Peer Teaching Project pioneered by Berkeley's SOS program to have full-scale test in East Bay schools // regional oral history project will examine state of the arts in the Bay Area // Berkeley seismologists and engineers undertake rapid studies of effects of San Fernando earthquake; later make recommendations on needed safety measures // Berkeley economist recommends "productivity agreements" between universities and dissatisfied faculties // IGS publishes a frank and often needling anaysis of newspapers in the Bay Area.

Academic Senate adopts a professional Code of Conduct for Berkeley faculty spelling out positive goals and principles as well as types of behavior that are unacceptable.

Reagan says there will be no budget increase for UC despite inflation and enrollment increase of over 4,000 in system; Hitch calls it "worst ever" budget; faculty salaries slip 13% behind.

Demonstrators disrupt Professor Scalapino's class on several occasions; a monitor system is set up to guard class; SDS-led demonstrations also attempt to disrupt Professor Jensen's class; faculty's Academic Freedom Committee expresses concern over internal threats.

*** 11 killed in Northern Ireland riots // mideast cease-fire extended for 30 days // race riots in Wilmington, N.C.; two killed // Rolls-Royce collapses into receivership // South Vietnamese troops invade Laos (8th); US says drive will be limited // Tuparmaros free Brazilian envoy in Uruguay // census report shows Black populations up in inner cities; whites fleeing to suburbs // Senator Ervin starts hearings on federal snooping // big federal drug sweep in six cities; 54 arrested; nearly $13 million in drugs seized.

March 1971

William McGill, President of Columbia Univ., is main speaker at Charter Day exercises held in Zellerbach Auditorium // Berkeley scientists say neutrons and helium ions are cause of strange flashes seen by astronauts // Berkeley demographer says millions of Californians now ready to support policies to cut off migration into state // Berkeley design expert heads group recommending federal leadership in earthquake safety // Berkeley demographer tells how constraints on early marriage would have a braking effect on California population // four Sloan Fellowships awarded to young Berkeley scientists (equal to largest number on any campus) // Berkeley geographer says California freeway system subsidizes well-off at expense of inner-city poor // Berkeley leads in senior fellowships awarded by National Endowment for the Humanities // special Charter Day exhibit honors Robert Gordon Sproul on his 80th birthday // Dr. Alex Comfort, expert on aging, is guest lecturer in Berkeley physiology classes // business alumni hold program on wage-price control and economic outlook


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Heyns holds press conference and issues statement on budget: "The overall consequences are grave indeed. Our hope was that after four years of declining state support the state administration would recognize and correct this drift to mediocrity. Now to impose a fifth year of cuts in funds is demanding that Berkeley perform miracles with its programs. Berkeley is out of miracles.".

Professor Cheit's book on "The New Depression in Higher Education" published by Carnegie Commission; tells of worsening financial plight of many US colleges and universities.

Eric Wollman chosen ASUC president; third to hold post this year.

*** bomb explodes in US Capitol restroom; Weather Underground claims credit // communists boycott Paris peace talks in protest of US bombings // constitutional amendment lowering voting age to 18 passes US senate, later passes house and states begin to ratify // Thomas E. Dewey dies // Pakistan war begins (25th); President Khan orders forces to crush rebellion in East Pakistan; rebels proclaim independent nation of Bangladesh // Lt. Calley convicted of murder, given life sentence; public furor follows; Nixon orders Calley held in quarters (instead of stockade).

April 1971

Berkeley fails to gain most Guggenheim fellowships for first time in years (Harvard gets two more than Berkeley) // physics discovery shows solar system had lots of plutonium in its early epoch // professional journalism program showing "remarkable signs of health" as it enters third year at Berkeley // bachelor's degree program in Chicano Studies approved for Berkeley // campus settles dispute with maids and janitors over wages and working conditions // Berkeley law students write bill aiming for reform of the bail system // 20 monkeys sought in Berkeley Hills after vandals open cages // Berkeley economics chairman proposes reform of the sales tax to make it more productive and more equitable // Berkeley chemists develop a new highly variable and precise laser that promises to have many research uses // Professor Jensen says different and better ways of teaching could speed up learning achievement of minority children more than mixing races in schools // new signs mark ecological study areas in hill part of campus // Ralph Nader speaks at Boalt Hall.

Albert H. Bowker, chancellor of City University of New York, named by regents to succeed Heyns at Berkeley; to take over job in August.

Academic Senate launches a "Berkeley Faculty Week" to inform citizens about budget and salary situation and counteract claims that faculty neglects teaching; press conference, radio and TV appearances, volunteer speakers at service clubs in several cities (headed by Professor Christensen and Dean Maslach).

League of Academic Women and National Organization of Women file complaints with US Dept. of Health, Educ., and Welfare charging


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sex discrimination at Berkeley.

In Berkeley city elections, Warren Widener elected mayor and "radicals" Bailey, Simmons, and Hancock win council seats.

*** highest US combat toll in nine months, but troop pullout continues // Rep. Hale Boggs demands that Hoover be fired; Gerald Ford defends FBI and Hoover // US ping pong team invited to visit China; arrives in Peking Apr. 10th; first big step in renewing US-China relations // Vietnam Veterans Against the War begin a five-day protest (19th) in Washington; about 1,000 participate // large and orderly crowd of some 200,000 in March for Peace in Washington (24th); simultaneous march of 156,000 in San Francisco disrupted by radicals and militant Chicanos // 1,300 Soviet Jews permitted to leave during month.

May 1971

Chair of Dutch Language, Literature, and Culture established at Berkeley // Berkeley political scientist sees regional governments as best way to halt federal and state inroads on control of cities and counties // applications to law school at Berkeley have more than doubled in two years (to 5,000); similar increases in applications to other professional schools, but graduate applications overall have declined // computer fair held at Lawrence Hall of Science // chemical calculations by Professor Johnston reveal that large-scale flights of supersonic transports (SSTs) could have catastrophic effect on earth's radiation protection // Berkeley geographer "grades" California counties on achieving no-growth goal // new study in prejudice series criticizes silent majority of Protestant clergy and says anti-Semitism still prevails in churches // $4.3 million Moffitt Library for undergraduate study is dedicated // commencement to be celebrated in 45 separate observances; 8,750 candidates for degrees // federal Depts. of Labor and HUD will fund a unique one-month summer retraining program for unemployed aerospace specialists on campus // Berkeley economist says present US policies could lead to opposition from a massive trade bloc.

Bowker visits Berkeley; says in press conference and elsewhere: "the main function of the university...is teaching and scholarship and not changing the world" "if I didn't think I'd be able to get along with the state government, I wouldn't have accepted the job" "the move among students generally, at Berkeley and elsewhere, is away from confrontation and violence" "we will not countenance those forms of protest which prevent the university community from carrying out its legitimate academic missions" "the big job at Berkeley is to maintain and enhance the excellence of the institution, at a time when resources are not flowing freely. It will be a matter of careful academic management and decision making".

Daily Californian editorial urges retaking of People's Park (11th); Heyns points out that park is open for use and that editorial is irresponsible; editors try to cool crowd a few days later but some clashes do occur with police, tear gas used, and buildings


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damaged on Telegraph Ave.; 8 injured and 41 arrested; park is not retaken by demonstrators.

New Daily Californian editors (Toni Martin and others) take over after a series of stormy meetings of publisher's board; plan begins for independent off-campus operation in the fall.

Professor Anthony Platt of criminology arrested during park riot outside UC police station (charges later dropped); Heyns withdraws his name from tenure recommendations to regents.

Larry Seidman and Alan Fong elected ASUC co-presidents.

*** National Action Group demonstration in Washington (3rd to 5th); "May Day Tribe"; more than 12,000 arrested (highest arrest total in US history); many held in football field; most released after 24 hours and charges dropped; radical-led protest had aimed to "shut down government" // Amtrak takes over US passenger train operations // Nixon asks congress to set up massive cancer cure program // Britain and France agree on British entry into Common Market // first major flights of Soviet and British-French SSTs // New York jury acquits 13 Black Panthers in bomb conspiracy charges // jury deadlocked in Seale-Huggins murder case in New Haven; judge then drops the case.

June 1971

Berkeley students working through Stiles Hall launch major project to help courts free indigent arrestees on "own recognizance" // new Ecology Law Journal founded by Boalt Hall students // Berkeley faculty team with NSF support is updating national fire safety codes // Professor Pimentel wins "outstanding teacher" award from chemists association // Peter Ustinov addresses graduating class at Boalt Hall // major "Indians of the Plains" exhibit opens at Lowie Museum // several of most distinguished US economists to give summer lecture series on "toward a 21st century political economy" // Nobel laureate Wendell Stanley dies in Spain after attending international virus meeting (15th) // optometry students devise television reading aid for partially sighted people // Amateur Fencers League of America holds national competition on campus // summer science courses for children offered at Lawrence Hall of Science // IGS study says non-partisan city council elections usually favor Republicans // Sheldon Messinger appointed dean of school of criminology // Heyns leaves for Michigan; Connick is acting chancellor until Bowker arrives // Academic Senate appoints Committee on the Status of Women.

*** Nixon announces war on drugs; later says all Vietnam returnees will be screened // Juan Corona arraigned for murder of 23 farm laborers near Yuba City // Indians removed from Alcatraz by federal marshals // senate and house defeat end-the-war proposals // US returns Okinawa to Japanese rule // Burger calls for new laws to stop setting guilty persons free // 26th amendment ratified to give 18-year-olds vote // N.Y. Times begins publishing the Pentagon Papers (13th); Daniel Ellsberg on TV on June 23, surrenders in Boston on 28th; Supreme Court


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later (30th) by 6-3 vote upholds right of Times and Post to publish papers // three Soviet cosmonauts die mysteriously on return to earth.

July 1971

More than 700 minority and low-income youths take part in campus summer programs // 85 trial judges attend judges' college at Boalt Hall // new "short course" program at Lawrence Hall of Science will help 200 college teachers learn new techniques // symposium on mathematics and statistics to develop comprehensive statistical study of environmental polluntants and health // Merle Borrowman named dean of school of education // Dr.Glenn T. Seaborg, Nobel laureate and former Berkeley chancellor, announces that he will return to Berkeley as professor of chemistry // Berkeley engineer reports no structural safety problems on tests of proposed underground Alaskan oil pipeline.

Connick says new state budget cuts Berkeley support $3.9 million below last year's level; says cuts will "hurt the quality of teaching here even though we are working to reduce their impact".

*** Viet Cong presents 7-point peace plan in Paris // Nixon announces he will go to China in 1972; tells of Kissinger role in arranging visit // house kills CBS contempt citation on "Selling of the Pentagon" film // UN approves US relief plan for aid to Bangladesh // Chile nationalizes American copper firms // Apollo 15 launched; astronauts use Rover vehicle to explore Hadley Rille on the moon // Jordan crushes Palestinian guerrillas in series of raids.

August 1971

Berkeley student invents computer device to help catch fish // new $9.1 million Evans Hall, mainly for mathematics and statistics departments, dedicated in campus ceremony // breakthrough in high-energy acceleration of heavy particles reported with Berkeley LRL's giant Bevatron // IGS report analyzes contest between conservationists and special interests in debate over California coastal preservation.

*** US announces a two-China policy // Lindsay becomes a Democrat // Ellsberg pleads innocent // Thieu's party wins in Vietnam elections; he will run unopposed for re-election after Ky and Mihn withdraw // Nixon imposes 90-day wage, price, and rent freeze (15th); surcharge on imports; other major controls (start of Phase I) // school buses blown up in Pontiac, Mich. // four-power agreement on Berlin endorsed by East and West Germany // second manslaughter trial of Huey Newton ends in deadlock and declared a mistrial // George Jackson and five others killed in attempt to break out of San Quentin Prison (21st).

September 1971

Heart Health Fair held at Lawrence Hall of Science // 17 projects on campus aided by regents funds to improve the quality of undergraduate education.


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*** Pakistan offers amnesty in East Pakistan (Bangladesh), but India later charges Pakistan with conducting "reign of terror" // congress votes to extend draft after defeating filibuster by liberals // Captain Medina acquitted in My Lai case // Hugo Black retires from Supreme Court, dies eight days later; John Harlan retires from the Court // Nixon meets with Emperor Hirohito in Alaska // Nikita Khrushchev dies (11th) // three prime ministers meet on Ireland crisis // Cardinal Mindszenty ends 15 years of exile in US embassy // prisoners riot (13th) at Attica prison in New York; hold 38 guards hostage; 43 die as troopers storm in; public controversy follows // ailing Ralph Bunche retires from UN.

October 1971

Bowker makes first campus appearance at sparsely-attended University Meeting in the Greek Theater // agreement by campus announced that makes the Daily Californian an independent newspaper // business scholars suggest a federal tax break to encourage businesses to hire more people // a strange stellar object that emits powerful x-rays and yet is only about 10 miles in diameter reported by Berkeley astronomy team // Berkeley naval engineers use strange craft to help design better cargo loading methods // Joel Hildebrand of chemistry gives a lecture and is honored on his 90th birthday // Berkeley engineer designs a safer ski binding using dynamic concepts // enrollment crush strikes freshman chemistry; more than 1,600 enrolled in Chem 1A; drastic steps taken to accommodate the crowd.

Funds for Black Student Union project suspended after UC car shows up at militant "Republic of New Africa" encampment.

*** Nixon announces Phase II of economic stabilization program; wage and price restrains to remain in effect; pay and price boards set up // congress approves consumer protection agency // Nixon closes Ft. Detrick germ lab // Nixon names Powell and Renquist to Supreme Court // Thieu reelected with no opposition // lavish pageantry marks 2,500th anniversary of Persian Empire; Agnew represents U.S. // UN Assembly votes to seat Communist China and expel Nationalist China // H. Rap Brown seized after New York shootout.

November 1971

Berkeley selsmologists record huge Amchitka nuclear test // future of Nixon's new economic policies discussed at industrial relations conference // John S. Service, former diplomat now with Center for Chinese Studies, returns from China visit and describes changes occurring there // Bowker appoints Professor Mark Christensen as vice chancellor.

Trouble erupts publicly between Dr. D. Harvey Powelson, head of Berkeley's psychiatric clinic, and his staff; he suspends some, others resign.

Controversy develops about state auditors' reports on UC; criticism of faculty teaching loads; unexpected and embarrassing lack of growth in statewide UC enrollment


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*** 18-year-olds vote for first time in many elections; Alioto re-elected mayor of San Francisco; Frank Rizzo mayor in Philadelphia // Nixon says 45,000 more to leave Vietnam by February // Mariner 9 in orbit around Mars // Communist China makes debut in UN // Fred Harris drops out of presidential race; says he's broke // three Black fugitives charged with murdering a New Mexico state trooper hijack a plane to Cuba.

December 1971

Berkeley astronomer predicts that planet-wide dust storm on Mars will soon subside // Berkeley engineer finds simple way to strengthen cement-hulled boats // Berkeley professor says faculty unions are having a "leveling" effect with double-edged results for higher education // student carolers sing at six locations in San Francisco // Berkeley's Institute of Governmental Studies (IGS) marks 50 years of service to government, the public, and the academic community // Berkeley chemist unravels the structure of a potent nerve poison found in "red tides" and tainted shellfish.

Funding crisis reported in maintaining quality of Berkeley campus libraries; book acquisitions lag and services are cut.

*** value of US dollar drops to new lows on world markets; later, Nixon devalues the dollar // Paris talks stall again; neither side sets new meeting date // fourteen-day war begins between India and Pakistan (3rd); ends with surrender of East Pakistan military command; Bangladesh becomes independent nation; Ali Bhutto becomes president of Pakistan // Nixon commutes Jimmy Hoffa's sentence and he is freed from prison // five days of heavy US bombing in Vietnam begin on 26th // Ellsberg and Russo are reindicted // Soviet spacecraft lands on Mars // charges against students dropped at Kent State // second mistrial for Huey Newton; D.A. moves to drop case (15th) // former Ill. governor Kerner indicted on conspiracy and other charges // antiwar veterans occupy State of Liberty.

1972

January 1972

Industrial relations conference to probe collective bargaining in the medical profession // public health study shows biological and behavioral factors mainly responsible for small babies born to smoking mothers // Berkeley zoologists study rare and endangered Santa Cruz Long-toed Salamander // oral history project will record experiences of women in politics // faculty's Clark Kerr Award to be presented to Earl Warren // Berkeley psychologist says Americans need to change conventional ideas of proper male and female behavior to give their children personal fulfillment // futuristic new laboratory to improve environmental planning decisions to be built in college of environmental design // 2,000 musicians play in high school jazz festival // Berkeley physicists develop ingenious new method for studying metals at "unattainable" low temperatures // festival of American music includes performance by Duke Ellington and his band // portable "take-home" science


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experiments developed by Berkeley graduate student // Professor Pitzer makes plea for a "massive reduction in secrecy" in federal government's scientific information // Professor Seaborg resumes teaching at Berkeley; heads a laboratory section in freshman chemistry.

Campus and HEW's Office of Civil Rights sign agreement on procedures to be used in federal compliance and discrimination review.

Ray Willsey resigns as head football coach and acting athletic director; Dave Maggard appointed athletic director; Mike White appointed head football coach.

San Francisco Chronicle articles (by William Moore) describe a "new mood" on the campus; students turning to studies, concerned about jobs after graduation; library book use at record high levels; increase in fraternity and sorority rushing; somewhat neater dress styles; political political at low ebb.

*** Nixon reveals 8-point peace plan; US would pull all forces out within six months // Maurice Stans quits as Secy. of Commerce to devote full time to Nixon re-election // SS Queen Elizabeth burns at Hong Kong // thirteen unarmed civilians killed in "bloody Sunday" at Belfast // bombs found in eight banks in different cities // FBI kills hijacker at Poughkeepsie // Shirley Chisolm says she'll run for president.

February 1972

1,300 high school students attend Model UN sessions on campus // Bowker appointed to serve on national Drug Abuse Council // world premiere of oratorio dedicated to Martin Luther King Jr. performed on campus // Professor John D. Hicks, famous American historian, dies at 82 // Berkeley scholars draft US Senate bill to provide federal assistance for slum housing improvement.

League of Academic Women sues UC and Berkeley campus in federal court to force development of an affirmative action plan.

Edwin Pauley ends long term as regent of the university.

*** California supreme court abolishes death penalty by 6-1 vote // John Mitchell resigns as Atty.General to head Nixon campaign; Kleindienst named to succeed him // trial of Philip Berrigan and others charged in Kissinger kidnap plot begins in Harrisburg // Rev. Daniel Berrigan released from prison after serving 18 months // Angela Davis released on bail; trial begins in San Jose on 28th // Nixon begins eight-day visit to China (21st); "journey for peace"; meets with Chou, Mao, and others; joint communique pledges to work for normalization of relations.

March 1972

Novelist Irving Stone named Berkeley's alumnus of the year // (in April Bowker inaugurated at Charter Day ceremonies; Jacques Cousteau gives main address // plans for rebuilding Wheeler Auditorium


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are announced // joint program by Berkeley and Merritt College offers first college degree in labor union leadership // Berkeley forestry professor conducts experiment to test hardiness of pine trees // Professor Pimentel of chemistry wins coveted Priestley Memorial Award.

*** Pioneer 10 launched on two-year flight to Jupiter // Muskie wins in New Hampshire primary; Nixon wins over McCloskey challenge // Wallace wins Florida primary // Nixon asks congress for anti-busing legislation // labor leaders (except for Teamsters) quit Nixon's pay board // senate approves women's rights amendment, sends to states to ratify // Kleindienst asks senate judiciary committee to reopen confirmation hearings so he can clear name in charges involving ITT anti-trust suit; Dita Beard memo disclosed; (nomination finally confirmed in June) // Britain ends home rule in Northern Ireland // North Vietnam launches heavy offensive across DMZ // Clifford Irving admits Hughes biography hoax // national commission recommends dropping criminal penalties for possession and use of marijuana; Nixon is opposed // two Soledad Brothers acquitted of killing guard in 1970 Marin Co. shootout // Saigon government seizes ll newspapers.

April 1972

Charter Day ceremonies (and Bowker inauguration) held Apr. 6th // Berkeley again leads all other campuses in Guggenheim Fellowships // Berkeley linguist to serve as translator when Chinese ping pong team visits U.S. // Earl Warren serving for a month as regents lecturer in rhetoric // new earthquake simulator laboratory opens at Berkeley's engineering field station // optometry reseach shows early abnormal vision permanently changes human brain // public health scientist at Berkeley finds some strains of gonorrhea become resistant to penicillin // six Berkeley faculty members elected to National Academy of Sciences // engineering professor develops computer model of the human heart // Berkeley engineer says new materials and designs bring need for new building codes and fire safety regulations // 67-day labor union strike begins on campus (14th).

*** McGovern wins in Wisconsin and Massachusetts; Humphrey wins in Pennsylvania // US recognizes Bangladesh // Swedish representative barred from taking Nobel Prize to Solzhenitsyn // US begins heavy bombing of Hanoi and Haiphong; condemned by many legislators and other; antiwar protests at many campuses and near bases; hundreds arrested // Apollo ll launched, later explores lunar highlands; next-to-last moon journey in series // Kwame Nkrumah dies // Ford to recall 436,000 cars to correct wheel fall-off problem.

May 1972

$ 1/3 million Sloan grant will strengthen social sciences component of engineering education at Berkeley // Berkeley to begin offering a new "extended university" program; classes in downtown San Francisco will lead to master of business administration degree // Dean Maslach and Professor Park are appointed to new posts of Provost at Berkeley // IGS report says ethnic minorities could gain power in a regional government plan // a new


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Center for the Continuing Education of Women (later called Women's Center) to open at Berkeley in the fall // concrete canoe race sponsored by Berkeley engineering students // campus mourns death of Aharon Katchalsky, professor-in-residence, killed in Lod airport massacre in Israel // Professor Smelser named University Professor of Sociology.

"Trashing" crowds roam streets after Nixon announces Haiphong mining plan (8th); rally in Sproul Plaza (9th) leads to march, window smashing at AEC office and at stores, and to tearing down fence and "retaking" the People's Park; two police cars burned; reporters and cameramen attacked by both demonstrators and police; rioting dies down by 10th; arrests total 86 (8 UC students).

New planting begins at People's Park; Bowker allows park use (no overnights or buildings or fires, he rules) and says he'll take a new look at lease to city.

Bowker rejects tenure for Professor Anthony Platt.

Academic Senate votes to set up an independent and voluntary Faculty Association to add new voice on pay and other matters and possibly to act as bargaining agent in the future.

Campus labor unions continue large-scale strike, mainly over thorny issue of shifting some building tradesmen from construction to maintenance pay scales and over "agreement" to pay prevailing wages; about 800 workers off the job; some clashes at picket lines; some services curtailed; trash piled up; classes continue.

*** Quang Tri falls to communists // J. Edgar Hoover dies (2nd); L. Patrick Gray appointed acting FBI director // peace talks in Paris indefinitely suspended // GOP decides to hold convention in Miami Beach // Nixon orders mining of Haiphong harbor and other ports (8th) // Wallace shot at Maryland rally (15th); seriously wounded; Bremer arrested // Morton approves Alaska pipeline // Connally resigns from cabinet // Duke of Windsor dies // Nixon arrives in Moscow (22nd) for week of summit talks with Soviet leaders; later signs agreements on arms limitations, space and medicine cooperation // Lod airport massacre (30th) in Israel by Japanese terrorists recruited by Arab guerrillas; death toll reaches 28.

June 1972

Nearly 50 separate commencement observances on campus; 8,865 students to receive degrees // Dr. Henry Bruyn resigns as director of student health services // Margaret Murdock begins her 50th year of playing the Campanile chimes // world's largest "shaking table," part of new $800,000 Earthquake Simulator Laboratory, is dedicated and put in use by Berkeley engineers // papers of the late Ernest O. Lawrence given to the Bancroft Library // state board of education gives maximum accreditation to Berkeley's school of education // new graduate program to focus on development of language and reading skills among minority children // MESA program achieves


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success in helping minority students move toward careers as engineers and scientists // Berkeley behavioral study shows differences between "internal" and "external" persons // Center for Chinese Studies receives $ 1/2-million grant to continue research on modern Chinese affairs // plans announced for a new two-year experimental program in health sciences; one of new innovations suggested by Bowker; step toward a possible medical school using existing facilities and teaching resources.

Wm. Banks appointed coordinator for Afro-American Studies (replacing Ron Lewis); Bowker also appoints committee to review the dept. of ethnic studies and recommend ways it can be improved and strengthened.

67-day campus labor strike ends with negotiated settlement on June 22nd; fight at University Hall entrance (8th) between strikers, some activist supporters and police leaves 12 injured (including eight police) (Adolph Egoroff, 58-year-old campus electrician, with skull fracture); twelve are arrested including union leader Richard Groulx; sabotage involving campus buildings and vehicles reported in final weeks of strike.

*** Angela Davis acquitted in San Jose trial // McGovern wins in California and three other states // Saigon troops drive Hanoi forces from Kontum // five men arrested (17th) for Watergate break-in of offices of Democratic National Committee; McCord fired by CRP; O'Brien later calls raid "blatant act of political espionage" // Gen. Lavelle tells of unauthorized air raids in North Vietnam // Nixon vetoes public TV funding // Hurricane Agnes devastates eastern seaboard // EPA announces near-total DDT ban.

July 1972

Student volunteers in Operation Catch-Up help Berkeley school children make spectacular gains in basic reading and arithmetic skills // school of public health program recruits and assists Native Americans // 98 judges attend trial judge college // sophisticated computer system designed to help meet needs of children risking failure in school // education specialist urges school teachers to become familiar with Black dialect // more than 300 volunteer mothers assisting in public health's obesity study on normal babies // more than 200 youths in Neighborhood Youth Corps summer program on campus // demography report shows that California's liberalized abortion law has already curtailed state's birth rate and begun to reduce numbersof children on welfare // behavior study shows early life traits identify people who later become problem drinkers.

New state budget gives UC some needed increases; first faculty salary raise (9%) in two years.

Regents refuse to approve a public interest law center sponsored by Berkeley students.

*** Mitchell quits as head of CRP; McGregor succeeds him // US announces plan to sell $750 million in grain to Russia //


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Democratic convention (10th to 14th) in Miami Beach picks McGovern and Eagleton // heavy fighting around Quangtri; controversy over alleged US bombing of dikes // AFL-CIO will be neutral in presidential race // Wm. O. Douglas halts Ellsberg trial for hearing on wiretap // Eagleton psychiatric treatment revealed (25th); McGovern says on 29th that he's 1000% for him; Eagleton withdraws from candidacy on 31st // death of Lin Piao in plane crash in 1971 revealed in China // Jane Fonda returns from Hanoi.

August 1972

Public health study shows low income men between 21 and 24 have most drinking problems // Berkeley study warns of "invisible pollution" from manganese creating a serious health hazard // seventy letters from Mark Twain added to Berkeley's famous Twain collection // disagreement between male and female psychologists shown in behavioral study // SOS program helps 150 disadvantaged high school students complete college-level courses // Professor Johnston commissioned to conduct large-scale study on SST atmosphere effects.

*** Skyjackers fly to Algiers with $1 million ransom // senate ratifies SALT treaty limiting antiballistic missile sites // Leslie Bacon freed in Capitol bombing perjury case after US refuses to reveal wiretap evidence // Bremer convicted in Wallace shooting // Shriver named VP candidate to run with McGovern // GOP convention in Miami Beach (21st- to 23rd); Nixon and Agnew renominated.

September 1972

Education researcher says discrimination against women students still openly practiced and socially acceptable in many institutions // public health study shows most Californians would accept limited use of reclaimed sewage water // first Black woman appointed to regular faculty position at Berkeley // Warren Winkelstein appointed dean of school of public health // Center for Continuing Education of Women (Women'sCenter) opens on campus // business students' research shows many Bay Area firms "dragging their feet on affirmative action programs for women".

Dr. Powelson resigns as head of student psychiatric service; to join Professor Hardin Jones in drug studies.

New faculty consultation procedures to advise the chancellor are planned as a result of controversy during the past year over decisions to close departments of demography and design.

*** McGovern charges Soviet wheat deal "tipoff" benefitted grain dealers // Olympic Games held in Munich; Arab terrorists kill Israeli athletes in bloody shootout after kidnapping // Berrigan and nun sentenced for smuggling letters // Lawrence O'Brien amends Watergate suit; adds Stans; asks $3 million damages; Stans and CRP counter with own suits // federal grand jury (15th) indicts seven in Watergate raid; Mitchell says CRP had nothing to do with it //


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Bobby Fischer wins world chess title // Hanoi frees three US POWs.

October 1972

Some campaign appearances on campus: Spock, Schmitz, Mrs. Shriver // Berkeley law scholar successfully argues case to give federal housing tenants a "bill of rights" // ceremony celebrates 100th anniversary of start of construction of South Hall (first building on Berkeley campus) and enrollment of the 500,000th student to attend Berkeley // program offering courses in peace organized by faculty from 19 departments // Berkeley has highest undergraduate enrollment in history; 2nd highest total enrollment (28,309) // Professor Raymond Sontag dies.

Some Black student groups press for boycott of Afro-American Studies courses; object to lack of voice in decision to fire Ron Lewis as coordinator and hiring of Wm. Banks.

Regents approve plan for building student housing on People's Park after waiting a month to see if city can come up with lease-purchase financing.

NCAA extends Berkeley athletic probation for two years because of Willsey-era recruiting violations; Cal barred from Rose Bowl and from televising games.

*** senate confirms Creighton Abrams as chief of staff // racial fight on USS Kitty Hawk off Vietnam // Chinese doctors visit US // Hale Boggs plane missing in Alaska // Kissinger says (26th) that peace in Vietnam is in reach within a matter of weeks // hijack frees Arab terrorists held for Olympic massacre // bank robber hijackers force jet to fly from Houston to Cuba.

November 1972

Two Berkeley seismologists looking for "fossil slab" of earth's crust buried under northern California // Berkeley biomedical research develops highly accurate new skin test for San Joaquin Valley Fever // Berkeley wins "Big Game" against Stanford 24 to 21 // Berkeley planning expert says conservation victories in election will boost plans for a Bay Area "greenbelt" // national symposium on corporate social policy held on campus // public health students volunteer in a number of "free clinics" and neighborhood health centers // industrial relations conference probes effects of environmental protection on jobs // vice chancellor O. W. Campbell retires.

HEW letter of findings on Berkeley discrimination review is released; finds campus not in compliance in several areas of personnel operation.

SDS allowed to return to campus as registered organization (after being banned since June, 1970).

Proposition 2, $176 million bond issue for health sciences construction on UC campuses, approved by California voters (who also approve coastal preservation measure and turn down


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marijuana "decriminalization" and anti-smut proposals while approving return of capital punishment) (7th).

*** Nixon reelected in landslide; McGovern carries only Massachusetts and Dist. of Columbia // Democrats gain in congress // Nixon names Elliot Richardson Secy of Defense; Weinberger is Secy of HEW // Nixon announces that "ambiguities" in peace plan will have to be settled // two Black students killed by buckshot at Southern University // appeals court reverses conviction of Chicago 7.

December 1972

Brighter employment prospects for graduates reported by placement center, but "job opportunities are scant for those not prepared for a specific profession" // IGS report warns that cable TV will be smothered in trivia unless there is "a deliberate act of public will" // crudely inscribed stone that may have marked grave of California discoverer Juan Cabrillo found by Berkeley anthropologist; may be California's oldest relic of European civilization; goes on display at Lowie Museum // $1 million grant from Ford and Carnegie sets up major new Childhood and Government Project at Berkeley's Earl Warren Legal Institute // top-level scientific delegation from China visits the campus and LBL // more than 350 courses at Berkeley now require use of computers (compared to 193 four years ago) // experimental Cluster Advising Program is helping students cope with problems of big-campus anonymity; 300 freshmen grouped in clusters of 15 to 20; one of several undergraduate innovations encouraged by Bowker.

*** Kissinger news conference charges Hanoi with bad faith // Nixon orders heavy air attacks on North Vietnam (18th); despite public outcry these continue through 30th, when Nixon announces that peace talks will resume Jan. 8th // devastating earthquakes destroy much of Managua, Nicaragua // Harry S. Truman dies (26th) // final issue of Life Magazine (29th).

1973

January 1973

Chief Beall reports lowest campus crime totals in six years; 21% drop from previous year; says "there's been a world of difference" in community cooperation and support for police work // Professor Miles of English is first woman to receive distinguished "University Professor" title // Professor Herma Kay takes over as head of Berkeley's Academic Senate // favorable job picture for recent Berkeley Ph.D.'s reported in graduate division study // plans for major Berkeley-based archeological project announced; to explore ruins of Nemea in southern Greece, site of ancient pan-hellenic games; $ 1/2-million fund drive to begin // new dept. of South and Southeast Asian Languages and Literatures opens on campus // education professor says new school finance reforms in California may reduce taxes but they mainly benefit the rich // learning boom reported in psychology, where 38 professors are teaching more than 3,500 students // Berkeley experts report on their findings from Managua earthquake // grim


71.
trends in future of higher education predicted by head of Berkeley's higher education research center // vast clouds of interstellar gas revealed in synthesized photographs by Berkeley astronomer // new "discovery van" program of Lawrence Hall of Science brings new teaching methods to schools // Professor Jukes says attacks on scientific agriculture pose major threat to-nutritional well-being of Americans.

*** US admits it bombed Hanoi hospital in December // Nixon announces Phase III, ends most economic controls // Watergate trial begins (10th); Hunt and four others plead guilty; Liddy and McCord convicted (30th) // Nixon inaugurated (21st) for second term; says in interview that he will strive to "end permissiveness in America" // Supreme Court rules that abortions are legal // Lyndon B. Johnson dies (23rd) // Nixon announces (23rd)agreement on ceasefire in Vietnam // agreement to end war signed in Paris by US, North and South Vietnam, and NLF (27th); ceasefire takes effect following day // sniper killed after shooting rampage at hotel in New Orleans // Juan Corona guilty in Yuba City slayings.

February 1973

Engineers Week held for high school students on campus // Professor Pitzer calls for strong national agency to deal with energy shortage problem in next 10 to 15 years // Berkeley sociologist calls for new emphasis on moral values in social science research // Berkeley campus and Graduate Theological Union to pool resources in study of religion and other fields // Berkeley anthropologist joins with Richard Leakey in announcing discovery (in Africa) of oldest complete skull of early man // Bowyer warns that both students and higher education in general can be badly hurt if Nixon's proposed education budget is not revised by congress // IGS report says future prison riots could be avoided by adopting prison ombudsman system // 1,400 high school students attend Model UN sessions on campus // Berkeley-led conference in San Francisco discusses world energy crisis // heavy freezes in December and January cause severe damage to Botanical Garden on campus; also later found to have killed or damaged many eucalyptus trees in campus hill area // outstanding collection of 16th century Hebrew literature given to Bancroft Library // Berkeley demography study shows two-thirds of Americans believe woman shouldn't get abortion without husband's consent // depletion of air ions reported to be unseen (and hazardous) result of pollution // Berkeley's higher education research center to continue studies despite federal fund cutback // big increase reported in graduate school applications to campus.

Results from ACE survey show Berkeley freshmen are bright, serious, involved, independent, mostly urban, at Berkeley because of its "good academic reputation," highly ambitious, probably overconfident, not very interested in marriage or succeeding in business, but very interested in helping other people and in developing a philosophy of life.

Community Affairs committee set up by Bowker and Mayor Widener begins meeting; members include campus and city officials, students,


72.
and townspeople; aided by regents funds; to discuss and make recommendations on matters of concern to both city and campus (health, housing, transportation, etc.); (Bill Somerville later appointed to head committee staff).

*** Judge Sirica charges prosecution didn't get to bottom of Watergate // Strahan and Segretti "dirty tricks" activities revealed // senate votes to set up Watergate Committee; Sen Ervin appointed chairman // first American POWs flown from Hanoi (12th) // another devaluation of the dollar // Nixon appoints Gray head of FBI; confrontation develops in hearings; (nomination withdrawn in April) // clash begins at Wounded Knee, S.D., between government officials and American Indian militants // former Governor Kerner convicted.

March 1973

Wilson Riles speaks at Charter Day exercises, which are combined with Alumni Centennial celebration; pageant at South Hall marks Berkeley's 100th year; famous alumni (including Adele Davis) give lectures // $1 million grant from AID launches five-year international study on educational finance and cost efficiency // Berkeley law scholar says direct grants rather than tax breaks are better way for federal government to help students // 100 students to be admitted to experimental community college program on campus // more than 900 undergraduates now involved in field study courses at Berkeley, including 200 in an organized unit set up with Bowker's encouragement // Richard Erickson appointed assistant chancellor for development; Colette Seiple to head alumni association.

*** Palestine commandos kill three diplomats in Sudan // Nixon asks congress to restore death penalty // McCord says in letter to Judge Sirica (23rd) that he was under political pressure to plead guilty and remain silent; other defendants in Watergate case plead guilty; within a few days Dean, Magruder, and Mitchell are implicated in reports from various sources // US bombing in Cambodia to continue at request of Lon No1 // last US troops leave Vietnam (29th) // POWs tell of mistreatment.

April 1973

Bancroft Library moves into handsome new quarters; now includes rare book and Mark Twain materials in addition to largest collection of Western American materials // three Berkeley professors elected to National Academy of Sciences // business alumni present conference on California economy; HEW's Weinberger to speak // new survey shows more than 1,000 students participating in volunteer community projects; more than 130 projects listed; projects better organized and more effective than in 1960s // Berkeley linguistics project helps revive near-forgotten American Indian languages // Berkeley and Stanford tied for top honors in award of Guggenheim Fellowships to faculty // four Berkeley professors elected to National Academy of Engineering // Mark Twain's last manuscript, a bitter attack on two of his employees, is donated to Berkeley and made public for first time // M. King Hubbert, geophysicist and outspoken expert on long-term energy problems, serves as Regents professor at Berkeley.


73.

"Radicals" lose in Berkeley election except for Ms. Kelley; Hone, Kallgren, and Ramsey win council seats.

*** Nixon and Thieu meet at San Clemente, promise to carry out Paris peace agreement scrupulously // senate votes resolutions aimed at curbing president's power to impound funds // US continues bombing in Laos // Kissinger says new Atlantic Charter will be worked out when Nixon visits Europe in fall // Nixon on TV (30th) accepts responsibility for Watergate; says he didn't know about it; says those involved "may have done wrong in a cause they deeply believed to be right"; fires Dean; accepts resignaitons of Haldeman, Ehrlichman, and Kleindienst; appoints Richardson to be Attorney General // Phnom Pehn under seige // heavy floods in midwestern US.

May 1973

Fifty "little commencements" planned for about 8,000 students receiving degrees at Berkeley // public health conference focuses on nutritional problems of the elderly // IGS study says huckster's approach is wrong way to persuade people not to drink too much // journalism conference discusses the law, the courts, and the news media // Berkeley physics professor and a sophomore in science both have research projects on America's Skylab space mission // Bancroft Library begins major project to document the history of science and technology in the Bay Area // Archibald Cox delivers Jefferson Memorial Lectures on campus; after final lecture (17th) he is appointed by Attorney General Richardson to be special prosecutor in the Watergate cases // Professor McConnell of education says highly selective "elite" universities with demanding academic standards must begin doing more to ensure their own survival // school of optometry develops new type of eye examination that can accurately measure vision problems in infants or mentally retarded children // Professor Ernest Kuh appointed dean of college of engineering.

Mike Aguirre, Lee Altshuler, and April Maynard elected ASUC co-presidents.

*** evidence of Watergate coverup reported to involve high officials // Mitchell, Stans, Sears, and Vesco indicted in conspiracy charges // charges against Ellsberg and Russo dismissed after break-in of psychiatrist's office revealed // senate Watergate hearings begin (17th) // Nixon issues 4,000-word statement saying some aspects of Watergate investigation restricted because of national security // Bobby Seale defeated by Reading in runoff for Oakland mayor // Bradley defeats Yorty to become mayor of L.A. // Skylab orbiting space station launched // Cox appointed special Watergate prosecutor.

June 1973

50th anniversary of school of optometry is observed // business scholar says corporations that talk ecology but lobby against pollution controls are inviting "social retribution" // Berkeley demographer says a steady-state economy may not be needed to solve the twin problems of resource depletion and environmental pollution //


74.
school of social welfare wins re-accreditation for ten years // IGS report asserts that basic planning for BART failed to be politically responsible // 69 students go to Washington for summer Cal-in-the-Capital program // three young scientists honored for developing a kind of "super sun lamp" in space sciences research.

Theme House in community health completes first year; membership grew to 140 students who studied together in small groups and worked together in volunteer projects; one of new innovations encouraged by Bowker.

*** Senate Watergate hearings continue throughout the month before huge television audience // Brezhnev arrives in US for talks with Nixon // Nixon orders 60-day freeze on all retail prices // Supreme Court rules for local option in obscenity // senate confirms Kelley as FBI director // Nixon sets up energy office, appoints Governor Love to head it // Peron returns to Argentina // appeals court reverses most counts in Berrigan letter smuggling conviction.

July 1973

Berkeley librarian brings to campus the biggest collection of books to come out of China in a quarter-century; 4,500 volumes from archeology to hog raising; first US university librarian to visit People's Republic; highlights go on public display // Professor Hans Einstein dies (son of Albert Einstein) // visiting professor says Nixon administration had "grand design to govern in secret" // another visiting professor says young people could be a force for change in America but have gone about things the wrong way // Berkeley students in borrowed boat win intercollegiate award in transpacific yacht race // Berkeley anthropologist says play among the young is a very serious business // IGS publishes a written debate on Reagan's controversial tax limitation plan (to be voted on in November) // Sharon Lau appointed campus affirmative action coordinator.

Willis Shotwell leaves job as coordinator of rules and facilities (started in Jan. 1969); job to be discontinued in part; no discipline cases in past year.

*** Watergate hearings continue with testimony by Mitchell, Kalmbach, LaRue, Ehrlichman, Haldeman, and others // existence of White House tape recordings revealed; senate committee and special prosecutor seek tapes as evidence // senate approves Alasken pipeline // Nixon ends price freeze // 600,000 rock music fans at Watkins Glen.

August 1973

New kind of "participatory planetarium" opens at Lawrence Hall of Science // American and Japanese engineers in Berkeley-sponsored conference to discuss earthquake engineering // psychologist says controversy over IQ tests of Blacks and whites is irrelevant; human individuality and experiences are what's important in shaping personality // demographic study shows rate of decline


75.
in illegitimate births in California is slowing // 2,000 scientists from 70 nations attend 13th International Congress of Genetics on campus; Professor Stern is president of congress; Berkeley faculty and graduate students in key roles // social welfare scholar says protest movements by militant sign-carrying senior citizens may soon be commonplace // plans announced for Berkeley scholars to hike through remote areas of Himalayas in Nepal to microfilm rare Buddhist manuscripts; fall expedition to be co-sponsored by National Geographic Society // Berkeley sociologist says membership in "old age communes" could prove to be one answer for problems of the elderly; she describes everyday life in such a "commune" near San Francisco // eucalyptus removal.

Berkeley alumni in survey (reported in California Monthly) register overwhelming support for maintaining high quality teaching and research at Berkeley along with faculty salaries that compare favorably with other institutions; also give strong support to intercollegiate sports; show surprising tolerance for student activism (but standoffish about giving students a larger voice in governing the campus); generally opposed to free tuition; in favor of shorter terms for regents; and firmly believe they can still take pride in their degree from "Cal".

Councilman D'Army Bailey recalled by Berkeley voters, replaced by Wm. Rumford Jr. on council.

*** Senate Watergate committee ends first phase of hearings; recesses until September // appeals court overrules judge who held that Cambodia bombing was illegal // Cambodia bombing ends as required by congress // Nixon in address says time to turn Watergate over to courts and get on with urgent business of the nation // Nixon in news conference says he won't resign; condemns leaks // Nixon nominates Kissinger to be Secy. of State.

September 1973

Berkeley campus passes 100-year milestone (25th) and moves right into a new century // Monroe Hirsch appointed dean of school of optometry // retired Dean William Wurster dies // 200 scientists attent Fourth International Congress of the International Society of Psychoneuroendocrinology // computer fair held at Lawrence Hall of Science // Ali Bhutto visits Berkeley.

Bowker delivers major report to regents (21st) on "Berkeley in a Steady State"; says that student admission applications and faculty productivity are at an all-time high; charts plans to keep campus vital and maintain quality in face of static budget and enrollment; also plan to renew faculty; points out critical problems in campus maintenance and libraries; lists recent educational innovations.

Women students march in Cal band for first time.

*** Ehrlichman and three others indicted for Ellsberg break-in Senate Watergate hearings resume on reduced scale // Allende deposed by military junta in Chile, later reported to be suicide // second Skylab crew returns after nearly 60 days in space


76.
.

October 1973

// Berkeley sociologist tells how mental patients' families cope with stress by avoiding close personal relationships // Berkeley education-law scholars say Reagan's tax plan would threaten improvements in elementary and high school education // Professor Jensen says there is no evidence that widely used tests of intelligence are culturally biased against Blacks in the US // enrollment of women in the college of engineering jumps from 60 to 110 // Peter Selz resigns as director of the University Art Museum // Berkeley demographer says American society "coerces" people into having children (depriving young people of real freedom of choice) // new energy and resources program on campus hires first "professor without a department" to spark energy-related courses and study // Professor Arnon wins National Medal of Science (highest US government science award) // ten librarians from People's Republic of China visit campus // surging interest in medical and health fields is felt strongly on campus; enrollment in freshman chemistry breaks all records // federal and private grants restore funding for higher education research center // Berkeley biologists take strong position on preserving desert areas from off-road vehicle damage // Berkeley professional schools gain high ratings in national Change Magazine survey of quality.

Record high enrollment for Berkeley — over 30,000 for first time.

Big "Open House" event (27th) draws 15,000 to 20,000 visitors to campus for tours, lectures, advising, demonstrations in science, music, art, picnicking.

San Francisco youth, a non-student from Singapore, killed at dance sponsored by Chinese students (25th); 1st campus homicide since 1965.

"Impeachment rally" in Greek Theater (25th); Ruckelshaus and Waldie speak to big crowd five days after Nixon fires special prosecutor.

*** new war breaks out between Israel and forces of Egypt and Syria; Egypt regains east bank of Suez but is driven back; (6th) ceasefire finally reached Oct. 24th; Arab nations cut off oil supplies to US and European nations; brief "alert" for US forces in Soviet scare // Agnew pleads nolo contendre on charge of income tax falsification; fined $10,000 and put on three years probation; resigns as vice president; Nixon names Gerald Ford to succeed him // report that Rebozo received $100,000 campaign gift from Howard Hughes // Richardson resigns as Attorney General; Ruckelshaus and Cox fired after Cox threatens court action on Watergate evidence; nationwide furor follows; house begins to consider impeachment proceedings // Maynard Jackson elected first Black mayor of Atlanta.

November 1973

Berkeley anthropologist has identified earliest "tool kit" used by prehistoric man // social welfare study shows parents' divorce


77.
hurts adolescent children as much as those who are younger // new contact lens method used to monitor patients' blood supply developed in optometry study // campuswide colloquium focuses on causes and consequences of energy crisis // Berkeley engineer suggests long range measures based on bold political action to solve the runaway energy crisis // optometry study shows shy women have harder time wearing contact lenses // public health study; ulcer "type" most likely to be heavy smoker and coffee drinker with low blood pressure who comes from large family // experimental high-school drop-in program find participants show drop in use of marijuana and other drugs.

HEW's Office of Civil Rights finds Berkeley's Affirmative Action Plan unacceptable; gives campus 30 days to clarify plan; begins to hold up some federal research contracts to campus; Bowker says he is disappointed that HEW "does not seem to recognize our efforts and accomplishments in increasing utilization of women and minorities in all of our employment categories".

Save-the-Crim-School group pickets California Hall and presents petition to Bowker; campus dispute grows over faculty review of School of Criminology and possibility that it may be phased out.

*** Marcus Foster, superintendent of schools in Oakland, gunned down outside school administration building (6th) // Reagan-backed tax initiative loses in statewide special election // Nixon announces emergency energy measures; cut in gasoline allocations; asks that thermostats be turned down // Rose Mary Wood, Nixon's secretary, says she accidentally caused "18-minute gap" on a key White House tape.

December 1973

Berkeley astronomer sets up phone-in consulting service on Comet Kohoutek // nearly fifty professors volunteering for school enrichment program this year in East Bay schools // education researchers at Berkeley develop plan to allow citizen participation at the neighborhood level in public school budget decisions; may be tried first in Oakland schools // Professor Maisel proposes reforms of the Federal Reserve Board to make decisions more explicit on who gains and who loses with each policy change // several hundred scientists attend American Physical Society's Winter Meeting in the West on campus; major session deals with new energy technologies // program to train labor union members (especially minorities) for leadership roles expends in industrial relations institute // zoology professor studies common amoeba picked up by swimmers as possible cause of human brain disease // team of anthropologists and chemists from Berkeley answers age-old questions about origin of Colossi of Memmon in Egypt // distinguished committee appointed to raise support funds for Nemea excavations in Greece // Black Cultural Research Project completes unique collection of 4,300 slides of art works by Black American artists // Berkeley paleontologists identify rare 8-million-year-old bear bone discovered by 7-year-old boy // Berkeley business scholar


78.
predicts boom in ranks of professors carrying union cards.

Chemistry graduate student found stabbed to death (21st) near faculty club; police find few clues; (later suggestion that case may be related to San Francisco "zebra" killings remains unproved).

Berkeley delivers to HEW a substantially revised affirmative action "program"; statement by Vice Chancellor Christensen emphasizes achievements in past six years: minority persons in campus work force increase from 13.8% (1967-68) to 19.8%; women in work force increase from 38.6% to 39.7%; women among new faculty increase from 3% to 26%; minority among new faculty average 10% // NAACP charges UC with racial bias.

88% of students in campus election poll favor keeping present school of criminology.

Bruce Baker quits as Berkeley police chief to take post in Portland // legislature readies bill for 55 MPH speed limit.

1974

January 1974

Berkeley engineer says rapidly increasing use of plastics in furniture poses potential new fire threat demanding governmental regulation; demonstrates dramatically with baby crib burning // Berkeley paleontologists reconstruct skeleton of Paleoparadoxia, giant ten-million-year-old sea mammal; fossil bones found near Palo Alto // Berkeley seismologists develop computerized system to speed up time it takes to determine location and magnitude of earthquakes // Berkeley scholars play major role in California earthquake safety legislation; IGS role described // Bowker says Berkeley will cut back enrollment to 27,500 over next two years; "redirect" more than 1,000 freshman for next fall; try to live within income // Bechtel collection of rare books and Californiana given to Bancroft Library // Sharon Lau resigns as affirmative action coordinator // Berkeley legal scholar charges that many children are unnecessarily forced to move from their own homes into foster homes // linguistics scholar says most women and at least some men use feminine language patterns that reflect women's traditionally inferior status in society // optometry study shows strong evidence that early eye abnormalities can lead to permanent brain damage in children.

*** two suspects in Foster murder arrested in Concord after shootout; police seek Nancy Ling Perry, former Berkeley student.

February 1974

Summer sessions at Berkeley this year to be merged into a single eight-week term // new college of natural resources to be formed at Berkeley from merger of college of agricultural sciences and school of forestry and conservation // Berkeley statistics expert says women faculty in US paid average of $1,500 less than men // education researcher says university governing boards have little time for important policy making and long range planning because their meetings are overloaded with trivial matters // Berkeley architecture professor says homes and cities should be designed to integrate elderly with rest of society instead of sending them


79.
to "death houses" // Berkeley psychologist in AAAS paper says there's still a valuable place for plain old fashioned will power // Berkeley biologist reports new evidence implicating DDT as a major cause of decline in certain bird populations // head of graduate minority program says effort now in fifth year has significantly increased graduate minority enrollment but that increase is short of what's needed // Professor Seaborg is co-chairman of huge AAAS meeting in San Francisco; other Berkeley faculty play key roles.

Patricia Hearst kidnapped from apartment on Benvenue St. (4th); message later reveals she is held by "Symbionese Liberation Army," a small revolutionary group that also claimed it had killed Marcus Foster in November; SLA demands massive food program for poor; Randolph Hearst pledges $ 2 million in food; SLA then demands $4 million more.

*** "odd-even" gasoline plan in effect // William Knowland dead in suicide at Russian River // Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn expelled from Russia after Gulag Archipelago is published.

March 1974

World's oldest known tune performed at Berkeley on replica of ancient Sumerian lyre; first performance in 3,400 years; deciphered by Berkeley scholar from cuneiform writings; story receives unprecedented world-wide publicity (5th) // journalism study of local TV news receives nationwide attention // education researcher says private vocational schools are attracting low-income students who could get free training in community colleges if they were better advised // faculty-sponsored Special Opportunity Scholarship program marks 10th anniversary; has helped over 500 students from disadvantaged families prepare for college // Berkeley business schools earn top rating in national survey of scholarly productivity // public health researcher warns that total size and effect of California's "caretaker" role over its citizens has been little recognized and never adequately studied // "Natural Energy Fair" held on campus // "Strawberry Creek College" to begin at Berkeley in the fall; two-year experimental approach for undergraduates aiming for high quality liberal education with a contemporary flavor; officially called the Collegiate Seminar Program; planned by Professor Muscatine and four others.

HEW announces agreement with campus on procedures to be used to develop final version of acceptable affirmative action plan (1st); campus will complete plan by September; embargo on research contract funds to campus is lifted.

Small demonstrations continue by Save-the-Crim-School group; two faculty committees recommend (14th) new programs in criminology and phase-out of present professional school.

Student plan revealed to give more money to intramural and women's sports; Bowker reaffirms campus commitment to strong intercollegiate athletic program.

"Streaking" fad reaches south campus area; nudes dance on fraternity roof


80.
.

April 1974

Barbara Tuchman speaks at Charter Day // Professor Jerzy Neyman of statistics receives worldwide 80th birthday honors // two from Berkeley elected to National Academy of Engineering // IBER publication presents expert views on how to cope with future gasoline crises // emergency allocation to library staves off disasterous cuts in periodical subscriptions (which include scholarly journals in hundreds of fields) // Berkeley again leads all institutions in Guggenheim Fellowships to faculty // Berkeley archeology team arrives in Greece to begin five-year excavation at Nemea site // Berkeley chemical engineers devise economical process for turning old newspapers and other cellulose sources into alcohol // Ralph Nader speaks on business crime // four Berkeley professors elected to National Academy of Sciences // industrial relations conference explores development of doctors' unions // Dean Winkelstein says success in keeping Americans healty may now depend more on improved living conditions than on future medical breakthroughs // engineering students design a fire-sage car and enter it in a national competition // Mark Christensen will leave vice chancellor post in July and become chancellor at UC Santa Cruz // restored painting of "Washington at Monmouth" displayed in art museum.

Reagan reappoints Mrs. Hearst to regents; also gives Moore a full term.

*** Patricia Hearst says on tape she has joined the SLA; later, she joins other SLA members in daring San Francisco bank robbery // San Francisco police conduct massive search for "zebra" killer; Alioto defends measures; court later rules some aspects are unconstitutional // Golda Meir resigns as premier of Israel // Lt. Governor Reinecke pleads innocent to perjury charges // Mitchell and Stans acquitted in Vesco case // Nixon releases transcripts of White House tapes.

May 1974

Student study in behavioral science shows that revising intelligence tests to fit special cultural patterns throws the tests out of kilter and shows up in lower test scores // IGS report says big contributors to both major political parties seem to want strict reforms in campaign spending // Senator Mondale speaks at business alumni conference in San Francisco // Berkeley psychologist says glorification of youth culture and the movement to grant equal rights to children both work to disadvantage of young people // Royer Lectures present eminent political scientists in examination of US president's role and his political leadership // social welfare study shows that down and out young "street people" present the potential for a major national problem that few people yet recognize // Professor Wildavsky in annual Moses Lecture says Nixon "has done more to discredit our political institutions than any other person, group, or social movement in this century" // job opportunities for graduates reported to be much better than they were last year // Ms. Caucus of Doonsbury admitted to Boalt Hall.


81.

Left Alliance wins ASUC elections; Denise Dillard, Richard Gallegos, and Violet Rabaya will be co-presidents.

Dispute over future of school of criminology results in a series of demonstrations; "Save-the-Crim-School" group with some support from ASUC and Daily Californian presses Bowker to reject faculty recommendations and retain present criminology school and programs.

Rally and march (30th) lead to sit-in in Haviland Hall; 159 demonstrators removed by police (not arrested) about 3 a.m. (mostly UC students but mostly not students in criminology); Bowker promises decision in six days; another rally next day and brief sit-in in Wheeler Hall.

Academic Senate votes to recommend tenure for Professor Platt of criminology; vote later ruled to have no binding effect on committees (or on chancellor).

Third World student protest develops over possible plan to separate Afro-American Studies from dept. of ethnic studies and make it part of college of letters and science.

*** seven arrested in "zebra" case in San Francisco; linked to killing cult; four eventually charged with murders // six SLA members die in fiery shootout in L.A. (17th); Patricia Hearst and Emily and Bill Harris remain fugitives.

June 1974

Berkeley campus joins other East Bay colleges and universities in a new regional association with Bowker as chief executive officer // 55 commencements held over two-week period; more than 8,000 students earn degrees // Berkeley geneticist finds "mislabeled" human cells in culture are casting doubt on many current cancer projects in US // IGS report by Berkeley education expert warns of growth of school bureaucracy and loss of citizen control over schools // Berkeley demographers say teenage illegitimate births on rise again after brief slow-down when abortion was legalized.

Bowker announces that he accepts faculty recommendations for new multi-disciplinary graduate group program in criminology and joint undergraduate degrees with other departments (with present school to be phased out) (4th); brief sit-in in California Hall; large rally and march (5th) supports both save-the-crim-school cause and ethnic studies ("Students united will never be defeated" "No more cuts on ethnic studies, no more cuts on crim"); sit-in and brief violence at Haviland Hall; policeman and one demonstrator receive minor injuries; Berkeley police and sheriff's officers called to assist; 170 demonstrators leave in late afternoon to avoid arrests; another rally (6th) announces end of protests for summer.

*** Brown and Flournoy are winners in California primary election; political reform initiative wins in landslide.

Office of Public Information
U C Berkeley
June 1974
R.Colvig

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